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Animation Identification Numbers 11900 through 11999

Movie ID Title
Image credits: S. McKenzie Skiles, NASA/JPL; Dark Snow Project.     For complete transcript, click  here .   11900   Instagram: Scientists Link Earlier Melting Of Snow To Dark Aerosols
A NASA satellite monitors the edge of Earth to study how the planet’s atmosphere is changing.   11901   None
LEAD: Today (June 16, 2015) the first rainfall radar to fly in space has fallen back to Earth. After 17 productive years NASA’s TRMM rainfall satellite has run out of fuel.  
1. The SUV-sized TRMM satellite fell over the South Indian Ocean (still frame of satellite). 

2. The satellite provided hurricane forecasters with groundbreaking 3-D views of hurricanes such as Katrina in 2005. 

3. The detection of the towering 8-mile high thunderstorms indicates that a hurricane is getting stronger. TRMM also measured rainfall totals. 

TAG: Most of the satellite pieces were expected to burn up due to friction in the atmosphere. The chance that a remnant would hit someone was one in 4,200 - which is quite low.   11902   NASA On Air: NASA's Rainfall Satellite Comes To An End After 17 Data-filled Years (6/16/2015)
LEAD: The Colorado River's Lake Powell reservoir remains well below full capacity after a winter of generally below normal snowfall in the Rocky Mountains.  
1. In 1999, water levels in Lake Powell were relatively high, and the water was a clear, dark blue. 
2. But images taken by USGS-NASA Landsat satellites over the last 17 years shows the reservoir levels falling, rising and falling as of result of spring snow melt in the headwaters of the Colorado Rockies. 
3. Lake Powell water levels in mid-June 2015 are about 80 feet lower than the peak level of 1999. 
TAG: The Colorado River Basin provides water to roughly 40 million people in 7 states and Mexico.   11903   NASA On Air: Landsat Satellite Shows 17 Years Of Lake Powell Water Levels (6/19/2015)
Explore views of the storm taken from space.   11904   None
Video of SOHO C3 showing CMEs on June 18 - 23, 2015. Credit: NASA/SOHO   11905   Space Weather Imagery of June 22 - 23, 2015 Events
LEAD: In 2016 the European Space Agency, ESA, will launch a ‘first-of-its-kind' satellite to measure key elements in the earth's wind fields.  1. The Aeolus satellite, named after the mythical Greek god of the winds, will measure worldwide upper level winds to help improve weather and climate forecasts.  2. NASA recently helped ESA calibrate its new wind instrument by taking simultaneous wind measurements with two Doppler lidars aboard its DC-8 aircraft.  TAG: The flights focused over the Arctic since this area holds particular interest due to the continued rise in Arctic temperatures.   11906   NASA On Air: NASA Aids European Space Agency In Measuring Upper Air Arctic Winds (6/24/2015)
Watch this video on the  NASAexplorer YouTube channel .  0   11908   Arching Eruption
Project Scientist Jason Dworkin discusses the OSIRIS-REx mission to explore asteroid Bennu and return a sample to Earth.   View  transcript .  Watch this video on the  NASAexplorer YouTube channel .   11910   Studying an Asteroid on Earth
Thirty-five years after Mount St. Helens erupted, satellites in orbit and scientists on ground still monitor the recovery.   11911   None
A NASA spacecraft sees the sun unleash a stunning explosion.   11912   None
NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft arrives at Pluto after a 3-billion-mile journey.   11913   None
Images taken by a NASA orbiter make Mars' alien landscape look even more alien.   11914   None
NASA's Fermi satellite sees record flare from a black hole in a galaxy 5 billion light-years away.   11915   None
Sometimes studying the sun requires looking at it one strip at a time.   11916   None
Scientists link earlier melting of snow to dark aerosols.   11917   None
Development turned Central Florida from swampland to the most visited tourist region of the U.S.   11918   None
Satellite images taken over the last half-century tell the story of America's evolving agricultural landscape.   11919   None
An experiment in data visualization explores where research buoys end up in Earth’s oceans.   11920   None
The Hubble Space Telescope provides new maps of Jupiter.   11921   None
Scientists probe an exotic object in a distant galaxy.   11922   None
Discover how light from the sun can change the path of an asteroid.   11923   None
A NASA camera captures a dramatic view of Earth and the moon from 1 million miles away.   11924   None
How advances in science and computer modeling have lead to improvements in studying hurricanes.   11925   None
Scientists map the location of more than 6,500 landslides.   11926   None
Satellite measurements show how sea level is changing around the world.   11927   None
NASA satellites capture images from space of raging wildfires in the U.S.   11928   None
A NASA spacecraft uses starlight to probe the composition of Mars’ upper atmosphere.   11929   None
NASA observes three powerful storms simultaneously whipping across the Pacific Ocean.   11930   None
The next total lunar eclipse is on September 27, 2015. See what time to look up at the night sky.   11931   None
A NASA analysis of satellite data reveals the 2015 Arctic sea ice minimum extent is one of the lowest on record.   11932   None
Explore views of Earth's changing vegetation seen from space.   11933   Green Planet
A NASA study shows a decline in populations of tiny plants in the world's oceans.   11934   None
A sun-observing spacecraft discovers its 3,000th comet.   11935   None
NASA observatories take an unprecedented look into two stars with a violent past.   11936   None
NASA's Total and Spectral solar Irradiance Sensor, or TSIS-1, will measure the total amount of solar energy input to Earth as well as the distribution of The Sun's energy input across a wide range of wavelengths. In this animation we see how various wavelengths of light are partially reflected into space at different places in the column of atmosphere above the ground.   11937   Earth's Energy Budget
LEAD: NASA scientists flew 33 eight-hour flights this spring (2015) to measure how Greenland and the Arctic are responding to climate change.    

1. Greenland is huge: essentially an ice cube 1,500 miles long, 400 miles wide, and a mile and a half thick. 

2. Instruments aboard the research plane measured where Greenland ice is growing in winter and where it is melting during the summer. 

TAG: Data indicates that overall, Greenland is losing ice, and its melt water is adding to the long-term sea level rise around the world.   11939   NASA On Air: NASA's Operation IceBridge Mission Flights Show The Stark Beauty Of Greenland's Snow And Ice (6/30/2015)
Enlil model of the New Horizons mission's space weather conditions. Credit: NASA/Dusan Odstrcil   11941   Tracking Space Weather for New Horizons with an Enlil Model
LEAD: NASA caught a spectacular solar eruption this June.     1. The solar explosion threw out a giant cloud of solar  material.    2. The activity is shown here in ultraviolet light that has been colorized in red.    TAG: The surface temperature of the sun is over 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit.   11942   NASA On Air: NASA's SDO Catches Arching Solar Eruption (7/2/2015)
LEAD: Warm summer nights can be enjoyable times to watch for meteor showers.     1. From Earth, streaking meteors seem to appear as shooting stars millions of miles away.    2. But, a picture from the International Space Station clearly captures a meteor BELOW the 250 miles altitude of the space station.    3. The visible streaks are caused by tiny particles burning up in Earth's atmosphere due to friction at altitudes of 50 miles above the surface.    TAG: Most meteors are the size of a grain of sand.  Delta Aquarids meteor showers are visible from mid-July with peak activity on July 28 or 29.   11943   NASA On Air: Space Station View Of Meteor (7/6/2015)
Animated informational slides designed to introduce the viewer to the ICESat-2 mission and ATLAS instrument.   11944   ICESat-2 Overview
Music credit:   11946   Phobos Photobombs Hubble's Picture of Mars
This visualization shows gamma rays detected during 3C 279's big flare by the LAT instrument on NASA's Fermi satellite. The flare is an abrupt shower of   11947   Fermi Spots a Record Flare from Blazar 3C 279
Swift XRT image of V404 Cygni showing the acquired at 10:51 UT on July 2, 2015. The exposure was about 27 minutes. Additional information is the same as above.   Credit: Andrew Beardmore (Univ. of Leicester) and NASA/Swift   11948   X-ray Echoes Create a Black Hole Bull's-eye
This video explains how NASA operates the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft around the Moon.    For complete transcript, click  here .   Watch this video on the  NASAexplorer YouTube channel .   11949   Driving A Lunar Spacecraft
Instrument scientist Dennis Reuter answers questions about Pluto, NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft, and the Ralph infrared and visible spectrometer.  Watch this video on the  NASAexplorer YouTube channel .     For complete transcript, click  here .   11950   New Horizons Interview with Dennis Reuter
Trajectory Correction Maneuver B-Roll   11952   New Horizons Media Page
A new close-up image of a region near Pluto’s equator reveals a giant surprise - a range of youthful mountains rising as high as 11,000 feet (3,500 meters) above the surface of the icy body.    Credits: NASA/JHU APL/SwRI   11954   NASA's Evolving Views of Pluto
LEAD: We now have close-up views of Pluto thanks to NASA's New Horizons spacecraft.      1. Because Pluto is only two-thirds the size of our moon and 3 billion miles away, it is not visible without a telescope.     2. But, from the flyby distance of 7,750 miles, the New Horizons spacecraft has provided new perspectives of Pluto.    3. One giant surprise on Pluto: mountains about 11,000 feet high. The mountains are probably composed of water ice.    5. With Pluto's temperature at nearly 400 degrees Fahrenheit below zero, the water ice behaves like bedrock.    6. Pluto's moon Charon shows cliffs and trough 4 to 6 miles deep and 600 miles long.    7. This suggests widespread fracturing of Charon's crust.    TAG: Data from the seven instruments aboard New Horizons will provide years of study and will help rewrite textbooks about Pluto.   11956   NASA On Air: NASA's First Close-Up Images Of Pluto (7/15/2015)
B-roll video of the Webb Telescope’s Backplane Pathfinder being moved into Chamber A at the NASA Johnson Space Center for cryogenic testing   11958   JWST Backplane Pathfinder Prepped for Cryo Test in Chamber A B-roll Part 2
B-roll video of the Webb Telescope’s Integrated Science Instrument Module (ISIM) vibration tests.   11959   Webb Telescope's ISIM Structure Undergoes Vibration Testing -B-roll
B-roll video of Airbus engineers removing the cover from the Near InfraRed Spectrometer (NIRSpec) instrument   11962   The NIRSpec Instrument is Prepped for Micro-Shutter Array and Focal Plane Assembly Replacement
B-roll video of engineers stowing the Webb Telescope’s Secondary Mirror Support Structure and Secondary Mirror in preparation for shipping.   11963   Webb Telescope's Secondary Mirror Support Structure and Secondary Mirror is Stowed in Preparation for Being Loaded into the Shipping Container for Transport to the Johnson Space Center for Testing
Rotating asteroids have a tough time sticking to their orbits. Their surfaces heat up during the day and cool down at night, giving off radiation that can act as a sort of mini-thruster. This force, called the Yarkovsky effect, can cause rotating asteroids to drift widely over time, making it hard for scientists to predict their long-term risk to Earth.    Watch this video on the  NASAexplorer YouTube channel .     For complete transcript, click  here .   11964   How Sunlight Pushes Asteroids
Video about close calls on orbit.   11965   Close Approach
image for story   11966   A Tale Of Two Extremes Live Shots
LEAD:  So far, 2015 has been the tale of two extremes when it comes to rainfall across the U.S.     1. NASA's GPM satellite network shows accumulated rainfall since January 1st of this year. Heavy flooding rains in parts of the east. But it has been very dry over California this year.    2. In fact a California drought has been going on since 2012. Ground water supplies are low. California's 4-year dry spell has left the state short by 20 inches of rain, an entire year's worth of rain.     3. Persistent high pressure off California has blocked Pacific rainstorms. What is needed are a series of   11968   NASA On Air: NASA Measures Rainfall: A Tale Of Two Extremes (7/31/2015)
The Hazardous Weather Testbed conducts research into forecasting techiques for predicting severe weather. Based in Norman, Oklahoma, this annual exercise brings together scientists and forecasters from around the country to advance the state of the art. This year, the project kept an eye on the future, too. The new GOES-R satellite is scheduled to take it's place in space in the next few years, and the new capabilities afforded by this advanced array of orbiting instruments will give ground based experts a whole new range of tools and capabilities.   11969   Preparing for GOES-R at NOAA's Hazardous Weather Testbed
LEAD: Thanks to a NASA satellite camera launched in February we have a new and unique view of the moon. 
1. This time lapse shows the moon as it moved in front of the Earth last month.  

2. This is the fully illuminated   11970   NASA On Air: Million Mile Moon Shot (8/5/2015)
This animation features actual satellite images of the far side of the moon, illuminated by the sun, as it crosses between the DSCOVR spacecraft's Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) and telescope, and the Earth - one million miles away.   11971   From a Million Miles Away, NASA Camera Shows Moon Crossing Face of Earth
NASA Goddard Scene Setters.  Includes shots of the main gate, the rocket garden, Building 29 exterior, Building 32 exterior, and a Goddard sign by the Space Environment Simulator.   11972   Goddard Scene Setters
A view of Greenland's ice sheet from the NASA/USGS Landsat 8 satellite, narrated by Dr. Allen Pope.  The data enables Dr. Pope to measure the depth of the lakes that form on the surface every summer as the snow and ice melts.  The data in this image are from July 12, 2014, and shows the area just south of the Jakobshavn Glacier.    For complete transcript, click  here .  Watch this video on the  NASA Goddard YouTube channel .   11973   Lakes On A Glacier
This image from 2015, and the accompanying images from 1972, 1988, and 2011 show the transformation of Kansas farmland from dryland, rectangular fields to circular irrigated fields from center-pivot irrigation systems. The mining of ground water for agriculture has been a significant trend globally over the last half-century, and these images of a region in Kansas highlight the trend within the United States.   11974   Mining for Water in Kansas
Inset image of SOHO's 3,000th comet.  Credit: SOHO/ESA/NASA/NRL   11975   3,000 Comets for SOHO
Interview with NASA's Cyrosphere Program Manager, Dr. Tom Wagner   11976   Sea Level Rise Live Shots
LEAD: Science and computer advances over the past ten years since Katrina are giving meteorologists clearer pictures of hurricanes. 
1. A NASA weather and climate model now (2015) has a resolution of 4 miles, and updates the dynamic state of the atmosphere every 5 seconds and physical processes every 5 minutes. 
2. Katrina's wind speed is shown on the left, water vapor on the right. 
3. Abundant water vapor was one factor that helped to intensify Katrina to a Category 5 storm, with sustained wind speeds of 175 mph. 
4. But, 18 hours later Katrina made landfall over Louisiana as a Category 3 storm, with winds of 125 mph. 
TAG: Detailed computer models will help meteorologists understand these quick wind changes and make better forecasts about hurricane strength at landfall.   11977   NASA On Air: NASA's Hurricane Modeling Advancements Since Katrina, 10 Years Ago (8/21/2015)
Figure 10 (Willis) -- The TOPEX/Poisedon and Jason satellites have provided a 22-year and counting record of global sea level change.  Credit: NASA’s Scientific Visualization Studio   11978   Sea Level Rise Briefing - August 26, 2015
LEAD: On this 10th anniversary of Hurricane Katrina, it is interesting to compare the size of Katrina to the size of Sandy of three years ago.    1. Katrina is shown on the left, and Sandy on the right.  Katrina was a textbook hurricane. Sandy started as a hurricane, but turned into an extra-tropical storm.   2. Tropical storm winds of 40 mph are shown in yellow, hurricane winds in red.  3. Katrina's winds greater than 40 mph stretched 300 miles across.  4. Sandy's winds over 40 mph stretched three times as wide, or 900 miles.   TAG: The size of the wind field is just one of the critical components that forecasters use to predict the storm surges during landfall.   11979   NASA On Air: NASA Compares Katrina And Sandy Wind Fields (8/24/2015)
This animated video explains a rare event happening on September 27th, 2015 - a supermoon lunar eclipse.     For complete transcript, click  here . Watch this video on the  NASAexplorer YouTube channel .   11981   Supermoon Lunar Eclipse
image for story   11982   Aerials over Greenland
image for story   11983   Greenland Beauty Shots
image for story   11984   Greenland Melt Water
Grace Andrews and her colleague sample melt water originating from the Russell Glacier as part of a study on C02 evasion led by Andrew Jacobson from Northwestern University.   11985   Researchers in the Field
Produced video showing the arrival of the Webb Telescope Backplane at Joint Base Andrews and it's transport to NASA Goddard Space Flight Center   11986   Webb Telescope Backplane Arrives at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
image for story   11987   Greenland Icebergs
For complete transcript, click  here .   11988   Instagram: NASA Hosts TV Program On Sea Level Rise
LEAD: Detailed measurements from NASA satellites are yielding new perspectives on sea level rise.   1. This visualization shows the sea level change between 1992 and 2014. Since 1992, seas around the world have risen an average of nearly 3 inches. Regional differences in sea levels are caused by ocean currents and natural long-term ocean cycles.  2. Scientists estimate one-third of the ocean rise is caused by the melting of the Greenland and Antarctic ice shelves. The big concern now is that the ice sheets are ‘waking up’ to the warming climate and will contribute more and more to sea level rise in the coming decades.  3. An intense research effort by NASA and others is now underway to measure and analyze how Greenland and Antarctica will respond to Earth's warmer air temperatures and the changing ocean currents along the edges of the ice shelves.  TAG: Faster melting of the polar ice caps could mean sea rise of 3 feet or more by the end of the century.   11990   NASA On Air: NASA Sea Level Rise Team Zeros In On Greenland (8/28/2015)
Dr. Kelly Brunt explains that Greenland's ice sheet is thinning, and while it is still over 10,000 feet thick, the melt water is contributing to sea level rise.   For complete transcript, click  here .   11991   Ask A Climate Scientist - Thinning Ice Sheets
Principal Investigator Bruce Jakosky talks about MAVEN’s science observations at Mars.  Watch this video on the  NASAexplorer YouTube channel .     For complete transcript, click  here .   11992   Mapping Mars' Upper Atmosphere
The moon eclipses SDO's view of the sun on September 13, 2015.   Credit: NASA/SDO   11993   SDO Transit - September 2015
image for story   11994   Rising Seas: NASA on the Greenland Ice Sheet
Along the 2017 total solar eclipse's path, scientists observe Earth and the Sun.   11995   None
Produced video of engineers in NASA Goddard Space Flight Center cleanroom lifting the Webb Telescope Structure from its shipping container, attaching it to a fixture and translating the entire stucture vertically in the cleanroom.    11996   NASA's James Webb Space Telescope Stands Tall
LEAD:  NASA's satellites are tracking the developing El Niño across the Pacific Ocean.   
1. Ocean conditions in 2015 bear some similarities to the powerful 1997 El Niño. This NASA visualization shows side-by-side comparisons of Pacific Ocean sea surface height anomalies measured by satellites in 1997 and 2015. 
2. Red shows where the ocean is above the normal sea level.  

3. Blue shades indicate areas of lower sea levels.  

4. Sea surface height is an indicator of the temperature of the water below. Above normal levels indicate warmer temperatures, below normal colder temperatures.  

5. El Niño events are characterized by a mass of warm water migrating from Southeast Asia toward South America. 

TAG: Weather and climate forecasters are tracking El Niño closely because it could help steer beneficial rains to parts of drought-stricken California and the American West.   11997   NASA On Air: NASA Satellites Are Tracking Current El Niño Across The Pacific (9/11/2015)
image for story   11998   Instagram: Approaching The 2015 Arctic Sea Ice Minimum
image for story   11999   Approaching The 2015 Arctic Sea Ice Minimum
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