Universe  ID: 30970

Kepler Supernova Remnant

In 1604, astronomer Johannes Kepler noted the appearance of a new bright object in the sky, visible to the naked eye for the next 18 months. Today we know that he was seeing the death of a star 20,000 light years from Earth. It was more than ten times the mass of our sun. Now, more than four hundred years later, several of NASA’s Great Observatories combined to produce a multi-wavelength image of the expanding remnant. Although the initial blast was caused by the implosion of the star core that rebounded to violently eject material. The supernova today can be seen as it impacts surrounding material that was likely ejected in previous episodes of losing mass into space. The multiple wavelengths show separated layers of emission that represent different portions of the impact. Infrared (Spitzer) traces the coolest material as it is heated by the ejecta. The optical emission (Hubble) traces hot (several thousand degree) gas that is excited by the collision. The lower energy X-ray (Chandra) represents much hotter gas - up to a few million degrees, Fahrenheit, similar to the hot corona of our sun. The highest energy X-ray emission can reach tens of millions of degrees. This emission is closest to the most powerful portions of the expanding blast wave. The observations reveal that Kepler's supernova was a "Type Ia" - a supernova caused by the transfer of material between two smaller dwarf stars. The added material brings the total mass of one of the stars beyond the critical threshold for supernova collapse.
 

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Credits

Greg Bacon (STScI): Visualizer
Ravi Sankrit (Johns Hopkins University): Image Processing
William P. Blair (Johns Hopkins University): Image Processing
Leann Johnson (GST): Technical Support
Please give credit for this item to:

Video: NASA, ESA, and G. Bacon (STScI)
Images: NASA, ESA, R. Sankrit and W. Blair (Johns Hopkins University)

Short URL to share this page:
http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/30970

Missions:
Chandra X-Ray Observatory
Hubble
Spitzer Space Telescope

Data Used:
Chandra/Telescope System
Hubble Space Telescope
Spitzer Space Telescope
Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details nor the data sets themselves on our site.

Keywords:
SVS >> Gas
SVS >> HDTV
SVS >> X-ray
SVS >> Hyperwall
SVS >> Supernova
SVS >> Star
NASA Science >> Universe
SVS >> Kepler