Eagle Nebula: M16 Wide
The Pillars of Creation are revealed as the most persistent remnant of a once cocooned giant star forming nursery, although an even more slender pillar remains far to the left of the famous trio, and a massive promontory remains above them. All Pillars are aimed toward the massive star cluster to the upper right of the Pillars, most visible in X-ray (Chandra). These massive stars have blown open the nursery door. Their powerful stellar winds of charged particles blow away the gas and dust to create a window into the center of the cloud. In the visible (NOAO) image the cloud surface shines where the gas is illuminated, and is shadowed where the light source is blocked. The X-ray (Chandra+XMM) image shows exclusively the most massive stars, which generate the highest energy and powerful winds that excite the X-rays themselves.
In sharp contrast, the mid-infrared image (Spitzer) reveals the cloud material. The blue color represents reflected starlight, while the green color is hydrogen gas, emitting directly from the depths of the cloud. The red haze is warm hydrocarbon dust, filling the cavity, heated by the ultraviolet light from the nearby massive stars. The far-infrared (Herschel) image shows very cold dust, at a chilly few hundred degrees below freezing. It represents cloud material that has yet to coalesce into stars or be blown away. This image most closely resembles the cavern in which the massive stars have carved out space. Finally, the visible (ESO) image shows where the stars illuminate portions of the cloud and leave shadows.
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Video: NASA, ESA, and G. Bacon (STScI)
Optical image: ESO
Optical image: T.A. Rector (NRAO/AUI/NSF and NOAO/AURA/NSF) and B. A. Wolpa (NOAO/AURA/NSF) Far-Infrared image: ESA/Herschel/PACS/SPIRE/Hill, Motte, HOBYS Key Programme Consortium
Near-Infrared image: NASA/JPL-Caltech/N. Flagey (IAS/SSC & A. Noriega-Crespo (SSC/Caltech)
X-ray image: NASA/CXC/U.Colorado/Linsky and ESA/XMM-Newton/EPIC/XMM-Newton-SOC/Boulanger
Datasets used in this visualization
Spitzer Space TelescopeID: 690NASA JPL/Cal Tech
Herschel Space TelescopeID: 808ESA
This dataset can be found at: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/HerschelSee all pages that use this dataset
ChandraID: 1002Collected with Telescope System
National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO)ID: 1003
X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton)ID: 1004
This dataset can be found at: https://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/xmm/xmmgof.htmlSee all pages that use this dataset
European Southern Observatory (ESO)ID: 1005
Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details, nor the data sets themselves on our site.