Earth  ID: 4920

Earth System Observatory

NASA's Earth System Observatory is a set of Earth-focused missions designed to provide key information to guide efforts related to climate change, disaster mitigation, fighting forest fires, and improving real-time agricultural processes. With the Earth System Observatory, each satellite will be uniquely designed to complement the others, working in tandem to create a 3D, holistic view of Earth, from bedrock to atmosphere.

The observatory follows recommendations from the 2017 Earth Science Decadal Survey by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, which lays out ambitious but critically necessary research and observation guidance.

Areas of focus for the observatory include:
Aerosols: Answering the critical question of how aerosols affect the global energy balance, a key source of uncertainty in predicting climate change.
Cloud, Convection, and Precipitation: Tackling the largest sources of uncertainty in future projections of climate change, air quality forecasting, and prediction of severe weather.
Mass Change: Providing drought assessment and forecasting, associated planning for water use for agriculture, as well as supporting natural hazard response.
Surface Biology and Geology: Understanding climate changes that impact food and agriculture, habitation, and natural resources, by answering open questions about the fluxes of carbon, water, nutrients, and energy within and between ecosystems and the atmosphere, the ocean, and the Earth.
Surface Deformation and Change: Quantifying models of sea-level and landscape change driven by climate change, hazard forecasts, and disaster impact assessments, including dynamics of earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, glaciers, groundwater, and Earth’s interior.

Source Material


Visualization Credits

Greg Shirah (NASA/GSFC)
Trent L. Schindler (USRA)
Lori Perkins (NASA/GSFC)
William Putman (NASA/GSFC)
Horace Mitchell (NASA/GSFC)
Alex Kekesi (GST)
Cindy Starr (GST)

Lead Visualizer:
Mark SubbaRao (NASA/GSFC)

Lead Artist:
Jenny Mottar (Digital Management, Inc.)

Technical Support:
Laurence Schuler (ADNET)
Ian Jones (ADNET)

Web Administrator:
Kaushal Patel (SSAI)

Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio

Short URL to share this page:

DLESE >> Atmospheric science
DLESE >> Biology
SVS >> Clouds
DLESE >> Geology
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Solid Earth
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Atmosphere >> Aerosols
SVS >> Hyperwall
SVS >> Earth Observatory
SVS >> Geology
SVS >> Biology
NASA Science >> Earth

GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation: Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version