Earth  ID: 13079

Inside Hurricane Maria in 360°

Two days before Hurricane Maria devastated Puerto Rico, the NASA-Japan Global Precipitation Measurement Core Observatory satellite captured a 3-D view of the storm. At the time Maria was a Category 1 hurricane. The 3-D view reveals the processes inside the hurricane that would fuel the storm’s intensification to a category 5 within 24 hours.

For the first time in 360-degrees, this data visualization takes you inside the hurricane. The precipitation satellite has an advanced radar that measures both liquid and frozen water. The brightly colored dots show areas of rainfall, where green and yellow show low rates and red and purple show high rates. At the top of the hurricane, where temperatures are colder, blue and purple dots show light and heavy frozen precipitation. The colored areas below the dots show how much rain is falling at the surface.

Created by: NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio and NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

Data Sources:
• NASA/GPM Dual Precipitation Radar (DPR) precipitation rate and drop size distribution data
• NASA/GPM GPM Microwave Imager (GMI) ground precipitation data
• NASA/Bluemarble land imagery
• NOAA/GOES16 cloud data
• Hipparcos/Telescope/Tycho 2 Catalogue


Source Material



Lead Data Visualizer:
Greg Shirah (NASA/GSFC)

Data Visualizers:
Kel Elkins (USRA)
Alex Kekesi (GST)
Horace Mitchell (NASA/GSFC)

George Huffman (NASA/GSFC)
Dalia B Kirschbaum (NASA/GSFC)
Stephen J. Munchak (University of Maryland)
Scott Braun (NASA/GSFC)

Lead Producer:
Joy Ng (USRA)

Ryan Fitzgibbons (USRA)

Ellen T. Gray (ADNET)

Technical Support:
Laurence Schuler (ADNET)
Ian Jones (ADNET)
Aaron E. Lepsch (ADNET)

Joycelyn Thomson Jones (NASA/GSFC)
Leann Johnson (GST)

Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

Data provided by the joint NASA/JAXA GPM mission

Short URL to share this page:

Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM)

This item is part of these series:
Narrated Movies
360 Videos

DLESE >> Atmospheric science
SVS >> Ice
DLESE >> Natural hazards
SVS >> Rainfall
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Atmosphere >> Precipitation
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Atmosphere >> Atmospheric Phenomena >> Hurricanes
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Atmosphere >> Precipitation >> Precipitation Rate
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Atmosphere >> Precipitation >> Rain
GCMD >> Location >> Puerto Rico
SVS >> Hurricanes >> Precipitation
NASA Science >> Earth
SVS >> Hurricane Maria
SVS >> 360

GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation: Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version