Arctic Sea Ice Maximum - 2016

  • Released Monday, March 28, 2016
  • Updated Monday, February 5, 2018 at 1:50PM
  • ID: 4440

The maximum Arctic sea ice extent appears to have occurred on March 24, 2016, reaching an extent of 14.52 million square kilometers (5.607 million square miles). This is below the previous lowest maximum recorded in 2015 when it reached 14.54 million square kilometers (5.612 million square miles). Overall, there is a declining trend in the maximum extent of about 2.8 % per decade. This is much smaller than the summer trends, but also reflects the long-term warming trend in the Arctic.

While a low maximum gives the extent a head start heading into summer, it turns out that there is not much relation between the maximum and summer minimum and a record low maximum does not portend a record low minimum. This is because the ice near the edge at the time of the maximum is thin, seasonal ice that will melt out early in the summer. The weather conditions in the Arctic during the summer melt season is the most crucial in determining whether a record low is possible in any given year.

In this animation, the Arctic sea ice area is derived from a running 3-day maximum of the AMSR2 sea ice concentration where the concentration is greater than 15%. The blueish white color of the sea ice is derived from a 3-day running minimum of the AMSR2 89 GHz brightness temperature that is linearly mapped between the high and low values.
An image of the Arctic sea ice on March 24, 2016 with an orange line showing the 30-year average sea ice extent for the month of March.

An image of the Arctic sea ice on March 24, 2016 with an orange line showing the 30-year average sea ice extent for the month of March.

An image of the Arctic sea ice on March 24, 2016.

An image of the Arctic sea ice on March 24, 2016.

The 30-year average sea ice extent line for the month of March  with transparency matching the above view

The 30-year average sea ice extent line for the month of March with transparency matching the above view



Credits

Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio


Missions

This visualization is related to the following missions:

Datasets used in this visualization

SHIZUKU (GCOM-W1) 10 km Daily 89 GHz Brightness Temperature (Collected with the AMSR2 sensor)
Observed Data | Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

Credit: AMSR2 data courtesy of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).

See more visualizations using this data set
SHIZUKU (GCOM-W1) 10 km Daily Sea Ice Concentration (Collected with the AMSR2 sensor)
Observed Data | Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

Credit: AMSR2 data courtesy of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).

See more visualizations using this data set
Terra and Aqua BMNG (A.K.A. Blue Marble: Next Generation) (Collected with the MODIS sensor)

Credit: The Blue Marble data is courtesy of Reto Stockli (NASA/GSFC).

Dataset can be found at: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Newsroom/BlueMarble/

See more visualizations using this data set
Monthly Sea Ice Index
Data Compilation | NSIDC

Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details nor the data sets themselves on our site.



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