Universe  ID: 12783

SuperTIGER Ready to Fly Again in Study of Heavy Cosmic Rays

Scientists in Antarctica are preparing to loft a NASA balloon-borne instrument to collect information on cosmic rays, high-energy particles from beyond the solar system that enter Earth's atmosphere every moment of every day. The instrument, called the Super Trans-Iron Galactic Element Recorder (SuperTIGER), is designed to study rare heavy nuclei, which hold clues about where and how cosmic rays attain speeds up to nearly the speed of light.

The most common cosmic ray particles are protons (hydrogen nuclei), making up roughly 90 percent, followed by helium nuclei (8 percent) and electrons (1 percent). The remainder contains the nuclei of other elements, with dwindling numbers of heavy nuclei as their masses rise. With SuperTIGER, researchers are looking for the rarest of the rare -- so-called ultra-heavy cosmic ray nuclei beyond iron, from cobalt to barium.

These elements are formed in some of the most extreme environments in the cosmos -- outflows from massive stars, supernova explosions, and mergers of neutron stars. Learning more about the distribution of the heavy cosmic rays will help astronomers further narrow down the places and processes forming them.

For More Information

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2017/nasas-supertiger-balloon-flies-again-to-study-heavy-cosmic-particles


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Credits

Scott Wiessinger (USRA): Lead Producer
Francis Reddy (Syneren Technologies): Science Writer
Sara Mitchell (University of Maryland, College Park): Associate Producer
Barb Mattson (University of Maryland College Park): Associate Producer
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

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Keywords:
SVS >> HDTV
SVS >> Neutron Star
SVS >> Black Hole
SVS >> Gamma Ray Burst
SVS >> Astrophysics
SVS >> Supernova
NASA Science >> Universe