Earth  ID: 4710

Global Landslide Catalog (update 2019)

Landslides occur when an environmental trigger like an extreme rain event, often a severe storm or hurricane, and gravity's downward pull sets soil and rock in motion. Conditions beneath the surface are often unstable already, so the heavy rains act as the last straw that causes mud, rocks, or debris- or all combined- to move rapidly down mountains and hillsides. Unfortunately, people and property are often swept up in these unexpected mass movements. Landslides can also be caused by earthquakes, surface freezing and thawing, ice melt, the collapse of groundwater reservoirs, volcanic eruptions, and erosion at the base of a slope from the flow of river or ocean water. But torrential rains most commonly activate landslides.

The Global Landslide Catalog (GLC) was developed with the goal of identifying rainfall-triggered landslide events around the world, regardless of size, impact, or location. The GLC considers all types of mass movements triggered by rainfall, which have been reported in the media, disaster databases, scientific reports, or other sources. The GLC has been compiled since 2007 at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and contains over 11,000 reports and growing. A new project called the Community the Cooperative Open Online Landslide Repository, or COOLR, provides the opportunity for the community to view landslide reports and contribute their own. The goal of the COOLR project is to create the largest global public online landslide catalog available and open to for anyone everyone to share, download, and analyze landslide information.

This visualization shows the locations of landslides during the period 2007-2019 (as of 03.11.19), as reported in the GLC. In this version all landslide locations have the same visual treatment without pointing out which ones had fatalities. It has been developed for kids and educational purposes.

More information on this system is available at:

The Global Landslide Catalog is currently available here:


For More Information

NASA's Precipitation Measurement Missions

Visualization Credits

Helen-Nicole Kostis (USRA): Lead Visualizer
Dalia B Kirschbaum (NASA/GSFC): Lead Scientist
Laurence Schuler (ADNET): Technical Support
Ian Jones (ADNET): Technical Support
Leann Johnson (GST): Project Support
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio

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Data Used:
Global Landslide Catalogue also referred to as: GLC
Database - GCMD - 2007-2019
Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details nor the data sets themselves on our site.

DLESE >> Geology
DLESE >> Physical geography
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Atmosphere >> Precipitation
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Land Surface >> Erosion/Sedimentation >> Landslides
SVS >> Mudslide
SVS >> Natural Disaster
NASA Science >> Earth
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Climate Indicators >> Land Surface/agriculture Indicators >> Landslides
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Human Dimensions >> Natural Hazards >> Landslides
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Human Dimensions >> Social Behavior >> Disaster Response

GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation: Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version