Multi-scale Ultra-high Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (MUR)
Released on March 14, 2013
These maps are made mostly from the satellite measurements of Sea Surface Temperature (SST), with help from surface observations that come from ships and bouys. Since the 1980's, there are a lot more SST data from satellites than surface observations.
SST is invaluable for weather forecasting. But SST is also important for management of fishery, ocean acoustic communication, and the science including studies of climate and marine life.
To "blend" the SST data from many different satellite is a tricky business. Satellite-based environmental data are usually irregularly sampled and always noisy. Every satellite has a unique sensor that measures SST. The infra-red (IR) type sensor can offer a very high resolution (down to 1 km in horizontal distance) but suffer from contamination by clouds and aerosols that block the signal. The micro-wave (MW) measurements are more reliable because of cloud-penetrating coverage but are coarser (25 km) in resolution and are not useful along the coasts due to contamination from land.
So we are interested in making use of the best characteristics of each sensor data — be it resolution or coverage — and finding an optimal and objective ways to fill the data-voids under the clouds and near the coasts.
GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation:
Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 22.214.171.124.0