Interface to Space

  • Released Friday, June 23rd, 2017
  • Updated Thursday, January 20th, 2022 at 12:00AM


The ionosphere is layer of the upper atmosphere (60-1000 km up) where the neutral atoms and molecules of the lower atmosphere transition to the plasma of space.

Ionosphere Science

Model visualizations illustrating our current understanding of the ionosphere

GOLD (Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk)

Visualizations featuring GOLD (and sometimes ICON)

ICON (Ionospheric CONnection Explorer)

Visualizations featuring ICON (and sometimes GOLD)

Older Ionospheric Studies

Visualizations related to older missions studying the ionosphere.