Earth  Sun  ID: 3310

Ionosphere Total Electron Content - April 2001

A view of the ionospheric Total Electron Content (TEC) measured over North America during a storm in April 2001. Red is high electron counts, blue is low, gray where there is no data. From the pre-storm state, we see relatively low electron counts. As the storm intensity increases, so do the number of electrons. The increase will generate more interference for communications systems, GPS, etc.


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Visualization Credits

Tom Bridgman (GST): Lead Animator
Anthea J. Coster (MIT/Haystack): Scientist
John Foster (MIT/Haystack): Scientist
Robert Robinson (NSF): Scientist
Marlene Colerico (MIT/Haystack): Scientist
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio

Science Paper:
JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 110, A09S31, doi:10.1029/2004JA010928, 2005

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Data Used:
NAVSTAR/World-wide GPS Receiver Network/Total Electron Content (TEC)
2001-04-11T14:59:00Z - 2001-04-12T01:03:00Z
Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details nor the data sets themselves on our site.

This item is part of this series:
Space Weather Cold Fronts

SVS >> Electron Fluxes
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Sun-earth Interactions >> Ionosphere/Magnetosphere Particles
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Sun-earth Interactions >> Ionosphere/Magnetosphere Particles >> Electron Flux
GCMD >> Location >> Ionosphere
SVS >> Space Weather
NASA Science >> Earth
NASA Science >> Sun

GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation: Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version