Earth  ID: 12816

NASA Sees Definitive Evidence of the Montreal Protocol’s Success

Using measurements from NASA’s Aura satellite, scientists studied chlorine within the Antarctic ozone hole over the last several years, watching as the amount slowly decreased.

This is the first definitive evidence of the success of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, which was ratified in 1987. The international treaty banned the use of chlorofluorocarbons and related compounds, which break down in the stratosphere and release chlorine molecules. This chlorine depletes the ozone layer and is responsible for creating the hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica.

The ozone hole fluctuates each year, reaching an annual maximum at the end of southern winter, usually in September. The hole has been trending smaller for the last few years, but as temperature has an effect on ozone-depletion, this was not definitive evidence of the Montreal Protocol’s efficacy.

Although scientists have been measuring levels of chlorine near the ground for decades, this study is the first time anyone accurately measured chlorine levels inside the ozone hole, confirming that the Montreal Protocol is doing its job.




Kathryn Mersmann (USRA): Lead Producer
Jefferson Beck (USRA): Producer
Susan Strahan (USRA): Lead Scientist
John Caldwell (Advocates in Manpower Management, Inc.): Videographer
Rob Andreoli (Advocates in Manpower Management, Inc.): Videographer
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SVS >> Chlorofluorocarbons
SVS >> Ozone Hole
SVS >> Ozone depletion
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Atmosphere >> Atmospheric Chemistry/Halons and Halogens >> Hydrochlorofluorocarbons
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Atmosphere >> Atmospheric Chemistry/Oxygen Compounds >> Ozone
NASA Science >> Earth
SVS >> Montreal Protocol

GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation: Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version