Planets and Moons  ID: 12561

Possible Methane Sources and Sinks on Mars

This illustration portrays possible ways that methane might be added to Mars' atmosphere (sources) and removed from the atmosphere (sinks). NASA's Curiosity Mars rover has detected fluctuations in methane concentration in the atmosphere, implying both types of activity occur in the modern environment of Mars.

A molecule of methane consists of one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen. Methane can be generated by microbes and can also be generated by processes that do not require life, such as reactions between water and olivine (or pyroxene) rock. Ultraviolet radiation (UV) can induce reactions that generate methane from other organic chemicals produced by either biological or non-biological processes, such as comet dust falling on Mars. Methane generated underground in the distant or recent past might be stored within lattice-structured methane hydrates called clathrates, and released by the clathrates at a later time, so that methane being released to the atmosphere today might have formed in the past.

Winds on Mars can quickly distribute methane coming from any individual source, reducing localized concentration of methane. Methane can be removed from the atmosphere by sunlight-induced reactions (photochemistry). These reactions can oxidize the methane, through intermediary chemicals such as formaldehyde and methanol, into carbon dioxide, the predominant ingredient in Mars' atmosphere.

Learn more about the detection of methane on Mars.
 

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Credits

Paul Mahaffy (NASA/GSFC): Scientist
Brian Monroe (USRA): Graphic Designer
David Ladd (USRA): Producer
Dan Gallagher (USRA): Support
Aaron E. Lepsch (ADNET Systems Inc.): Technical Support
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center
JPL-Caltech
University of Michigan

Short URL to share this page:
http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/12561

Mission:
Mars Science Laboratory - MSL

Keywords:
SVS >> Carbon
SVS >> Carbon Dioxide
SVS >> Gas
SVS >> Mars
SVS >> Methane
SVS >> Microbes
SVS >> UV
SVS >> Water
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Atmosphere >> Atmospheric Chemistry/Carbon and Hydrocarbon Compounds >> Formaldehyde
SVS >> Solar System >> Planets >> Mars >> Atmosphere
NASA Science >> Planets and Moons
SVS >> Mars Science Laboratory
SVS >> Curiosity
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Atmosphere >> Atmospheric Chemistry >> Photochemistry
SVS >> Organic
SVS >> Methanol
SVS >> Olivine
SVS >> Clathrate
SVS >> Subsurface

GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation: Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 8.0.0.0.0