Earth  ID: 4785

Sea Surface Temperature anomalies and patterns of Global Disease Outbreaks: 2009-2018 (4K version)

This webpage provides the 4K version of: Sea Surface Temperature anomalies and patterns of Global Disease Outbreaks: 2009-2018 (updated), released on January 6, 2020.

Content has been created for 4K display systems that can handle finer resolution and details. It is recommended to use content from this version for HD (1920x1080) and lower resolutions.

Data Sources:

  • Sea Surface Temperature (SST) data: The SST known as the NOAA OI.v2 SST monthly fields are derived by a linear interpolation of the weekly optimum interpolation (OI) version 2 fields to daily fields then averaging the daily values over a month. The analysis uses in situ and satellite SST's plus SST's simulated by sea-ice cover. Before the analysis is computed, the satellite data is adjusted for biases using the method of Reynolds (1988) and Reynolds and Marsico (1993). The SST dataset is available here

  • Disease Outbreak Data: Disease outbreak data were collected from the Program for Monitoring Emerging Diseases (ProMED), the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) online country reports, weekly summaries of disease outbreaks reported by the Department of Defense Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch and from the World Organisation for Animal Health/Organisation mondiale de la santé animale (OIE).


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Visualization Credits

Lead Visualizer:
Helen-Nicole Kostis (USRA)

Greg Shirah (NASA/GSFC)

Lead Scientists:
Assaf Anyamba (USRA)
Radina Soebiyanto (USRA)

Science Support:
Jennifer Small (SSAI)

Technical Support:
Laurence Schuler (ADNET)
Ian Jones (ADNET)

Project Support:
Eric Sokolowsky (GST)
Leann Johnson (GST)

Outbreak Data Curators:
Sarah Hutchinson (Intern)
Destini Garrison (Intern)

Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio

Science Paper:
Anyamba, A., Chretien, J-P., Britch,S.C.,Soebiyanto, R.P., Small, J. L., Jepsen, P., Forshey, B.M., Sanchez, J.L., Smith, R.D., Harris, R., Tucker, C.J., Karesh, W.B., Linthicum, K.J. (2019). Global Disease Outbreaks Associated with the 2015-2016 El Niño Event. Nature Scientific Reports. 9:1930 | 10.1038/s41598-018-38034-z

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Data Used:
Multiple/Multisensors including buoys, passive microwave sensors/Oceanic Nino Index (3 month running means of Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) v5 anomalies
Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details nor the data sets themselves on our site.

DLESE >> Climatology
SVS >> El Nino
DLESE >> Environmental science
DLESE >> Human geography
SVS >> SST Anomaly
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Climate Indicators >> Drought Indices
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Climate Indicators >> Precipitation Indices
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Climate Indicators >> Teleconnections >> El Nino Southern Oscillation
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Human Dimensions >> Human Health >> Diseases/Epidemics
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Human Dimensions >> Human Health >> Public Health
SVS >> Hyperwall
NASA Science >> Earth
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Human Dimensions >> Public Health >> Diseases/epidemics
SVS >> Diseases
NASA Earth Science Focus Areas >> Climate Variability and Change

GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation: Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version