2008 Arctic Sea Ice from AMSR-E

  • Released Thursday, October 2, 2008

Sea ice is frozen seawater floating on the surface of the ocean. Some sea ice is semi-permanent, persisting from year to year, and some is seasonal, melting and refreezing from season to season. The sea ice cover reaches its minimum extent at the end of each summer and the remaining ice is called the perennial ice cover.

The AMSR-E instrument on the Aqua satellite acquires high resolution measurements of the 89 GHz brightness temperature near the poles. Because this is a passive microwave sensor which is not so sensitive to atmospheric effects, this sensor is able to observe the entire polar region every day, even through clouds and snowfall. The false color of the sea ice, derived from the AMSR-E 6.25 km 89 GHz brightness temperature, highlights the fissures or divergence areas in the sea ice cover by warm brightness temperatures (in blue) while cold brightness temperatures, shown in brighter white, represent consolidated sea ice. The sea ice edge is defined by the 15% ice concentration contour in the three-day moving average of the AMSR-E 12.5 km sea ice concentration data.

The animations below show the continuous motion of the Arctic sea ice during 2008, from January 1 through September 14, the week during which the Arctic sea ice reached its minimum extent. The 2008 minimum extent of 4.52 sq km (1.74 sq miles) is the second lowest extent recorded since 1979.


Please give credit for this item to:
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio The Blue Marble Next Generation data is courtesy of Reto Stockli (NASA/GSFC).

Release date

This page was originally published on Thursday, October 2, 2008.
This page was last updated on Wednesday, May 3, 2023 at 1:55 PM EDT.

Datasets used in this visualization

  • Daily L3 6.25 km 89 GHz Brightness Temperature (Tb) [Aqua: AMSR-E]

    ID: 236
    Sensor: AMSR-EDates used: 2008-01-01 through 2008-09-14
  • Sea Ice Concentration (Daily L3 12.5km Tb, Sea Ice Concentration, and Snow Depth) [Aqua: AMSR-E]

    ID: 237
    Sensor: AMSR-EDates used: 2008-01-01 through 2008-09-14

Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details, nor the data sets themselves on our site.