Earth  ID: 30745

All Stirred Up in the Arabian Sea

On December 21, 2015, the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership satellite acquired this image of a bloom off of Oman [left], Pakistan [center], and India [right]. The image was composed with data from the red, green, and blue bands from VIIRS, in addition to chlorophyll data. A series of image-processing steps were then applied to highlight color differences and bring out the bloom’s more subtle features.

Blooms show up this time of year in the Arabian Sea because of the winter monsoon. Winds shift from southwesterly to northeasterly, stirring up currents that bring nutrients up from the depths and out from coastal tributaries. The change in wind direction also picks up dust from the arid lands of southwestern Asia, carrying it out over the sea. This dust contains mineral nutrients that phytoplankton need to fuel their growth.

Dust storms help fertilize the ocean. They move nitrate, phosphate, and iron from the land into ocean surface waters around the world. Research published in October 2014 found that winter blooms in the Arabian Sea could occasionally be attributed to the nutrients received from dust storms like this one.


For More Information

http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/cms/

NASA Earth Observatory


Credits

Amy Moran (GST): Lead Animator
Norman Kuring (NASA/GSFC): Lead Visualizer
Kathryn Hansen (Science Systems and Applications Inc. (SSAI)): Lead Writer
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Ocean Color Web and NASA's Earth Observatory

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http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/30745

Missions:
NPP
Suomi NPP

Data Used:
Suomi NPP/VIIRS
Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details nor the data sets themselves on our site.

Keywords:
SVS >> Bloom
SVS >> Dust
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Oceans >> Ocean Optics >> Ocean Color
GCMD >> Location >> Arabian Sea
GCMD >> Location >> India
GCMD >> Location >> Oman
GCMD >> Location >> Pakistan
SVS >> Hyperwall
SVS >> VIIRS
NASA Science >> Earth
SVS >> Presentation

GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation: Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 8.0.0.0.0