Southern Africa produces almost a third of the world’s vegetative burning, which sends smoke particles up into the atmosphere, where they eventually mix with stratocumulus clouds over the southeastern Atlantic Ocean. The Observations of Clouds above Aerosols and their Interactions (ORACLES) study is investigating how these particles impact the stratocumulus clouds, which play a key role in both regional and global surface temperatures and precipitation, in order to help improve current climate models.
A team of scientists worked out of Walvis Bay, Nambia, with NASA’s P-3 and ER-2 research aircraft to get first-hand measurements of clouds and aerosols in August-Sept, 2016.
GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation:
Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 22.214.171.124.0