LEAD: A new NASA visualization reveals that the Earth system, like the human body, comprises diverse components that interact in complex ways.
1. Heat absorbed by the ocean is transported by ocean currents.
2. This energy is released into Earth’s atmosphere.
3. Heat and moisture influence weather patterns with clouds and precipitation.
TAG: Improved observational and computational capabilities increasingly allow scientists to study the numerous interactions and gain unprecedented insight into how the Earth system works—and how it might change in the future.