Earth  ID: 10403

FROZEN: A Spherical Movie About the Cryosphere

NASA's home for spherical films on Magic Planet. Download the Magic Planet-ready movie file here.

Released on March 27, 2009, FROZEN is NASA's second major production for the Science On a Sphere platform, a novel cinema-in-the-round technology developed by the Space Agency's sibling NOAA. Viewers see the Earth suspended in darkness as if it were floating in space. Moving across the planet's face, viewers see the undulating wisps of clouds, the ephemeral sweep of fallen snow, the churning crash of shifting ice, and more.

FROZEN brings the Earth alive. Turning in space, the sphere becomes a portal onto a virtual planet, complete with churning, swirling depictions of huge natural forces moving below. FROZEN features the global cryosphere, those places on Earth where the temperature doesn't generally rise above water's freezing point. As one of the most directly observable climate gauges, the changing cryosphere serves as a proxy for larger themes.

But just as thrilling as this unusual—and unusually realistic—look at the planet's structure and behavior is the sheer fun and fascination of looking at a spherically shaped movie. FROZEN bends the rules of cinema, revealing new ways to tell exciting, valuable stories of all kinds. The movie may be FROZEN, but the experience itself rockets along.




Greg Shirah (NASA/GSFC): Lead Animator
Cindy Starr (GST): Animator
Lori Perkins (NASA/GSFC): Animator
Tom Bridgman (GST): Animator
Walt Feimer (HTSI): Animator
Ivy Flores (IRC/UMBC): Animator
Andrej Bevec (UMBC): Animator
Victoria Weeks (HTSI): Video Editor
Michael Starobin (HTSI): Producer
Bob Bindschadler (NASA/GSFC): Scientist
Waleed Abdalati (NASA/GSFC): Scientist
Thorsten Markus (NASA/GSFC): Scientist
Shane Keating (GST): Project Support
Jennifer Lentz (HTSI): Project Support
Rich Melnick (HTSI): Project Support
Tatyana N. Pokrovskaya (HTSI): Project Support
Victoria Weeks (HTSI): Videographer
Ed Weibe (HTSI): Videographer
Pat Izzo (TRAX International): Videographer
Chris Smith (HTSI): Videographer
Michael Starobin (HTSI): Writer
Horace Mitchell (NASA/GSFC): Writer

Official Movie Credits:

Written, Produced and Directed by
Michael Starobin and Horace Mitchell

Based on a presentation by
Dr. Robert Bindschadler/GSFC

Edited by
Victoria Weeks

Narrated by
Craig Sechler

Music by
Andre Gribou

Script Development Team
Michael Starobin
Horace Mitchell
Victoria Weeks
Greg Shirah
Cindy Starr

The Scientific Visualization Studio/NASA GSFC
Director of Data Visualization
Horace Mitchell
Visualization Team
Cindy Starr
Lori Perkins
Tom Bridgman
Greg Shirah
Software Development
Greg Shirah
Eric Sokolowsky

Ivy Flores
Andrej Bevec
Walt Feimer

Set Construction and Practical Effects
Chris Meaney

Stop Action Photography
Pat Izzo

Infrared Videography
Ed Weibe

Chris Smith
Victoria Weeks

Studio Crew
Shane Keating
Richard Melnick
Jennifer Lentz
Tatyana Pokrovskaya

Sound Design
Michael Starobin

Audio Engineering and Assistant to the Composer
Eric Arvai

Recording Engineer
Mike Velle

Account Management
Mike Velle

IT Management
Pankaj Jaiswal
Stuart Snodgrass
Jim Williams

Science On a Sphere Project Liaison
Maurice Henderson

Photographic Research
Eric Erbe

Production Photography
Debora McCallum
Pat Izzo

Voice Casting
Sandy Stern Casting, LLC

Mara Bayewitz
Chris Meaney
Andy Freeberg
Helen-Nicole Kostis

Scientific Consultants
Dr. Bob Bindschadler, GSFC
Dr. Waleed Abdalati, CIRES/CSES
Dr. Thorsten Markus, GSFC
Dr. Richard S. Williams, Jr., USGS

Antarctica Video
PolarPalooza/Passport to Knowledge

Ilulissat Glacier Sequence
Jason Amundson, University of Alaska Fairbanks

Glacier Images provided by
Mike Embree, The National Science Foundation
W. T. Pfeffer, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado
Dr. Roland Warner, Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre and Australian Antarctic Division

Permafrost Images provided by
F.T. Eyre, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Marilyn Aber, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Michael J. Coffey, Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities

Data Sources
Blue Marble Next Generation Seasonal Landcover Reto Stockli (NASA/GSFC)
City lights -- Image and Data processing by NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center from DMSP data collected by the US Air Force Weather Agency.
Circum-Arctic map of permafrost and ground-ice conditions: National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology
Landsat Image Mosaic of Antarctica: The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the British Antarctic Survey (BAS), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), with funding from The National Science Foundation (NSF)
GLIMS glacier database Armstrong, R., B. Raup, S.J.S. Khalsa, R. Barry, J. Kargel, C. Helm, and H. Kieffer, National Snow and Ice Data Center
World glacier inventory: World Glacier Monitoring Service and National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology
West Greenland Glacier Inventory 1992: Andreas Peter Ahlstrøm, Department of Quaternary Geology, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark
Groundwater Resources of the World: BGR Hannover / UNESCO Paris
2008 North American Atlas: Government of Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Canada Centre for Remote Sensing
The Antarctic Digital Database: copyright © 1993-2006 Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
Additional Thanks
Anker Weidick, Geological Survey of Denmark
Richard S. Williams, Jr., United States Geological Survey
Charles Swithinbank, British Antarctic Survey
The National Snow and Ice Data Center USGS Washington Water Science Center
Seth White --
Special thanks to Dr. Ming-Ying Wei, NASA Science Mission Directorate

Executive Producer for Honeywell Technology Solutions
Patrick Kennedy

Executive Producer for NASA Television
GSFC Wade Sisler

Science On a Sphere was Developed by NOAA

Cold matters.
Copyright © 2009 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center All Rights Reserved

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Data Used:
World Glacier Inventory
Data Compilation - NSIDC
Antarctic Digital Database, The also referred to as: The Antarctic Digital Database (ADD)
Glacier Inventory of West Greenland also referred to as: West Greenland Glacier Inventory
Data Compilation - NSIDC
Landsat-7/ETM+/Landsat Image Mosaic of Antarctica also referred to as: LIMA
Mosaic - NASA/GSFC, British Antarctic Survey, USGS EROS Data Center
Mosaicing to avoid clouds produced a high quality, nearly cloud-free benchmark data set of Antarctica for the International Polar Year from images collected primarily during 1999-2003.
Circum-Arctic Map of Permafrost and Ground-Ice Conditions
Data Compilation - NSIDC
Terra and Aqua/MODIS/Blue Marble Land Cover
The Blue Marble data is courtesy of Reto Stockli (NASA/GSFC).
GLIMS Glacier Database
Database - NSIDC
Global Land Ice Measurements from Space (GLIMS) is an international project with the goal of surveying a majority of the world's estimated 160,000 glaciers. GLIMS uses data collected primarily by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) instrument aboard the Terra satellite and the LANDSAT Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+), along with historical observations.
Groundwater Resources of the World
Data Compilation - BGR and UNESCO
Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details nor the data sets themselves on our site.

This item is part of this series:
Goddard Magic Planet Media

Goddard TV Tape:
G2008-103 -- FROZEN

DLESE >> Cryology
SVS >> Ice
SVS >> Infrared
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Cryosphere
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Cryosphere >> Sea Ice
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Cryosphere >> Frozen Ground >> Permafrost
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Cryosphere >> Glaciers/Ice Sheets >> Glaciers
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Cryosphere >> Glaciers/Ice Sheets >> Ice Sheets
SVS >> Frozen
SVS >> Sea Level
NASA Science >> Earth

GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation: Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version