WEBVTT FILE 1 00:00:00.390 --> 00:00:04.390 If you look outside on September 27th, 2015, 2 00:00:04.410 --> 00:00:07.520 you can catch a glimpse of a very rare event in the night sky: 3 00:00:07.540 --> 00:00:10.580 a supermoon lunar eclipse. 4 00:00:10.600 --> 00:00:14.600 To understand what this is – first, take a full moon. 5 00:00:14.620 --> 00:00:17.630 6 00:00:17.650 --> 00:00:21.660 Now add the closest approach the moon makes to the Earth on its elliptical orbit – 7 00:00:21.680 --> 00:00:25.680 which results in it looking up to fourteen percent larger in diameter. 8 00:00:25.700 --> 00:00:26.980 That's a supermoon. 9 00:00:27.000 --> 00:00:28.980 Now combine this with a lunar eclipse, 10 00:00:29.000 --> 00:00:33.340 when the Moon passes directly behind the Earth into its shadow - giving it a red tint. 11 00:00:33.360 --> 00:00:34.980 12 00:00:35.000 --> 00:00:37.400 Now you have a supermoon lunar eclipse. 13 00:00:37.420 --> 00:00:40.440 This is a really special event, because it doesn't happen very often. 14 00:00:40.460 --> 00:00:42.490 Let's take a look back. 15 00:00:42.510 --> 00:00:47.560 Since 1900, a supermoon lunar eclipse has only happened 5 times. 16 00:00:47.580 --> 00:00:50.600 A lot changes here on Earth in between these moments. 17 00:00:50.620 --> 00:00:54.760 In fact, the last time you could see this event was 1982. 18 00:00:54.780 --> 00:01:00.760 And if you miss seeing it in 2015, your next opportunity won't come until 2033. 19 00:01:00.780 --> 00:01:07.110 So mark your calendar and head outside on September 27th. 20 00:01:07.130 --> 00:01:20.427