Earth  ID: 10926

Evaporation and Transpiration

Much of the water that soaks into the soil from irrigation or rain ultimately returns the the atmosphere as water vapor through direct evaporation from the surface or by transpiration through plant leaves as the plants use the water for growth and seed production. This loss cools the surface and plant canopy just like the evaporation of sweat cools our skin. A cool field in an arid area indicates water use by irrigation.

Using the surface temperatures measured by satellites, and some additional information, water resource managers can determine the rate at which water is used in a farm field.

 

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Credits

Rachel Kreutzinger (USRA): Lead Animator
Matthew R. Radcliff (USRA): Producer
James R. Irons (NASA/GSFC): Scientist
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NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab

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NASA and Agriculture - Animations

Keywords:
DLESE >> Environmental science
SVS >> Evaporation
SVS >> HDTV
DLESE >> Human geography
SVS >> Temperature
SVS >> Water
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Atmosphere >> Atmospheric Water Vapor >> Evapotranspiration
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Human Dimensions >> Environmental Impacts >> Water Management
SVS >> Hyperwall
NASA Science >> Earth

GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation: Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 8.0.0.0.0