Universe  ID: 10549

Swift Survey Finds 'Smoking Gun' of Black Hole Activation

Astronomers using X-ray data from an ongoing survey by NASA's Swift satellite have solved a decades-long mystery. Why, when most galaxies host giant black holes in their centers, do only about one percent of them emit vast amounts of energy?

The new findings confirm that the black holes "light up" when galaxies collide — and may offer insight into the future behavior of the black hole in our own galaxy.

The intense emission from galaxy centers, or nuclei, arises near a supermassive black hole containing between a million and a billion times the sun's mass. Giving off as much as 10 billion times the sun's energy, some of these active galactic nuclei (AGN) — a class that includes quasars and blazars — are the most luminous objects in the universe.

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Scott Wiessinger (UMBC): Video Editor
Scott Wiessinger (UMBC): Producer
Michael Koss (University of Maryland): Scientist
Richard Mushotzky (University of Maryland): Scientist
Francis Reddy (University of Maryland College Park): Lead Science Writer
Francis Reddy (University of Maryland College Park): Graphics
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This item is part of this series:
Astrophysics Simulations

Goddard TV Tape:
G2010-139 -- Various Small Astrophysics projects

SVS >> Galaxy
DLESE >> Space science
SVS >> Black Hole
SVS >> Active Galaxy
SVS >> Universe
SVS >> Space
SVS >> Swift
SVS >> Active Galactic Nucleus
NASA Science >> Universe