Earth  ID: 5006

Global Biosphere March 2017 - Feb 2022

This newly updated data visualization of the Earth's Biosphere was unveiled at the 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 27).

By monitoring the color of reflected light via satellite, scientists can determine how successfully plant life is photosynthesizing. A measurement of photosynthesis is essentially a measurement of successful growth, and growth means successful use of ambient carbon. This data visualization represents five years' worth of data taken primarily by Suomi NPP/VIIRS satellite sensors, showing the abundance of life both on land and in the sea. In the ocean, dark blue represents warmer areas where there is little life due to lack of nutrients, where yellow and orange represent cooler nutrient-rich areas. The nutrient-rich areas include coastal regions where cold water rises from the sea floor bringing nutrients along and areas at the mouths of rivers where the rivers have brought nutrients into the ocean from the land. On land, green represents areas of abundant plant life, such as forests and grasslands, while tan and white represent areas where plant life is sparse or non-existent, such as the deserts in Africa and the Middle East and snow-cover and ice at the poles.

Older Versions

Visualization Credits

Alex Kekesi (Global Science and Technology, Inc.): Lead Data Visualizer
Horace Mitchell (NASA/GSFC): Data Visualizer
Greg Shirah (NASA/GSFC): Data Visualizer
Jeremy Werdell (NASA/GSFC): Lead Scientist
Sean W. Bailey (NASA/GSFC): Lead Scientist
Compton Tucker (NASA/GSFC): Lead Scientist
Laurence Schuler (ADNET Systems, Inc.): Lead Technical Support
Ian Jones (ADNET Systems, Inc.): Technical Support
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, The SeaWiFS Project and GeoEye, Scientific Visualization Studio. NOTE: All SeaWiFS images and data presented on this web site are for research and educational use only. All commercial use of SeaWiFS data must be coordinated with GeoEye (NOTE: In January 2013, DigitalGlobe and GeoEye combined to become DigitalGlobe).

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Data Used:
Comiso's Daily Sea Ice Concentration
Data Compilation - NASA/GSFC - 3/2017 -2/2022
Interactive Multisensor Snow and Ice Mapping System (IMS)/IMS Daily Northern Hemisphere Snow and Ice Analysis - 24 km Resolution also referred to as: IMS Daily Northern Hemisphere Snow and Ice Analysis
Analysis - NOAA - 2017 - 2021
Suomi NPP/VIIRS/Chlorophyll Concentration also referred to as: Chlorophyll
Observed Data - 3/2017 - 2/2022
Suomi NPP/VIIRS/NDVI also referred to as: Normalized Difference Vegetation Index
Analysis - 3/2017 - 2/2022
Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details nor the data sets themselves on our site.

DLESE >> Biological oceanography
DLESE >> Cryology
DLESE >> Ecology
DLESE >> Physical oceanography
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Cryosphere >> Sea Ice
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Oceans >> Sea Ice
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Biosphere >> Ecological Dynamics >> Photosynthesis
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Biosphere >> Microbiota Taxonomy >> Phytoplankton
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Cryosphere >> Sea Ice >> Sea Ice Concentration
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Cryosphere >> Snow/Ice >> Snow Cover
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Hydrosphere >> Snow/Ice >> Snow Cover
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Oceans >> Ocean Optics >> Ocean Color
SVS >> Hyperwall
SVS >> SeaWiFS
SVS >> For Educators
SVS >> Plant Growth
SVS >> Producer
NASA Science >> Earth
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Terrestrial Hydrosphere >> Snow/ice >> Snow Cover
NASA Earth Science Focus Areas >> Carbon Cycle and Ecosystems

GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation: Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version