Earth  ID: 3886

Regional Rates of Glacier Loss for 2003 to 2009

In the image below, global glacial mass loss and area are summarized by regions. The area of the red circles corresponds to the annual glacial mass loss from 2003 to 2009. Glacier mass change estimates are determined from a combination of satellite altimetry (ICESat), satellite gravimetry (GRACE) and in situ field observations as determined by Gardner et al. Light orange halos surrounding red circles show the 95% confidence interval in mass change estimates, but can only be seen in regions with large uncertainties.

The area of the green/blue circles depicts total glacier area for each region with the tidewater basin fractions [TW] shown separately in blue. The geographic locations of all glaciers, evident primarily in mountainous regions and high latitudes, are shown in yellow with their area increased to improve visibility.

Visualization Credits

Cindy Starr (GST): Lead Visualizer
Alex S Gardner (Graduate School of Geography, Clark University): Scientist
Georg Kaser (Institut für Meteorologie und Geophysik, Universität Innsbruck): Scientist
Anthony A Arendt (Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska): Scientist
Geir Moholdt (Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, Scripps Institution of Oceanography): Scientist
Graham Cogley (Department of Geography, Trent University): Scientist
Bert Wouters (University of Colorado Boulder): Scientist
John Wahr (Department of Physics and Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder): Scientist
Etienne Berthier (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Toulouse): Scientist
Regine Hock (Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks): Scientist
W. Tad Pfeffer (Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research/Environmental, and Architectural Engineering, University of Colorado at Boulder): Scientist
Tobias Bolch (Department of Geography, University of Zurich): Scientist
Martin J Sharp (Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta): Scientist
Jon Ove Hagen (Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo): Scientist
Frank Paul (University of Zurich): Scientist
Michiel R. van den Broeke (Utrecht University): Scientist
Stefan R. M. Ligtenberg (Utrecht University): Scientist
Laurence Schuler (ADNET): Project Support
Ian Jones (ADNET): Project Support
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio

Science Paper:
Gardner, A. S., et al. , A Consensus Estimate of Glacier Contributions to Sea Level Rise: 2003 to 2009, Science 17 May 2013:Vol. 340 no. 6134 pp. 852-857, DOI: 10.1126/science.1234532

Short URL to share this page:

Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat)

Data Used:
also referred to as: Glacier Mass Budget by Region: GRACE, ICESat, and glaciological records
Data Compilation
also referred to as: Glacier Area by Region: Randolph Glacier Inventory 3.0 (Arendt et al., 2012)
Data Compilation
Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details nor the data sets themselves on our site.

GCMD >> Earth Science >> Cryosphere >> Glaciers/Ice Sheets
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Hydrosphere >> Glaciers/Ice Sheets
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Cryosphere >> Glaciers/Ice Sheets >> Glaciers
SVS >> Glaciers
NASA Science >> Earth

GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation: Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version