Universe  ID: 20242

Gravitational Microlensing Animation

Gravitational microlensing is an observational effect that was predicted in 1936 by Einstein using his General Theory of Relativity. When one star in the sky appears to pass nearly in front of another, the light rays of the background source star become bent due to the gravitational "attraction" of the foreground star. This star is then a virtual magnifying glass, amplifying the brightness of the background source star, so we refer to the foreground star as the lens star. If the lens star harbors a planetary system, then those planets can also act as lenses, each one producing a short deviation in the brightness of the source. Thus we discover the presence of each exoplanet, and measure its mass and separation from its star. This technique will tell us how common Earth- like planets are, and will guide the design of future exoplanet imaging missions.

More than 20 planets have been discovered from the ground using this technique. The WFIRST microlensing survey will detect many more such planets, including smaller mass planets since the planet "spike" will be far more likely to be observed from a space-based platform. This will lead to a statistical census of exoplanets with masses greater than a tenth of the Earth's mass from the outer habitable zone out to free floating planets. The results from the WFIRST microlensing survey will complement the exoplanet statistics from Kepler, and will provide answers to questions about planet formation, evolution, and the prevalence of planets in the galaxy.
 

Used Elsewhere In


For More Information

http://wfirst.gsfc.nasa.gov/exoplanets_microlensing.html


Animation Credits

Walt Feimer (HTSI): Lead Animator
Scott Wiessinger (USRA): Producer
Neil Gehrels (NASA/GSFC): Scientist
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center Conceptual Image Lab

Short URL to share this page:
http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/20242

Mission:
Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST)

This item is part of these series:
Astrophysics Animations
WFIRST Pre-Launch

Keywords:
SVS >> Hyperwall
SVS >> Astrophysics
NASA Science >> Universe
SVS >> Presentation
SVS >> Exoplanet
SVS >> WFIRST
SVS >> 4K