Annual Arctic Sea Ice Minimum Area 1979-2023, With Graph

  • Released Monday, October 2nd, 2023
  • Updated Tuesday, October 17th, 2023 at 1:31PM

Satellite-based passive microwave images of the sea ice have provided a reliable tool for continuously monitoring changes in the Arctic ice since 1979. Every summer the Arctic ice cap melts down to what scientists call its "minimum" before colder weather begins to cause ice cover to increase. This graph displays the area of the minimum sea ice coverage each year from 1979 through 2023. In 2023, the Arctic minimum sea ice covered an area of 3.60 million square kilometers (1.4 million square miles).

This visualization shows the expanse of the annual minimum Arctic sea ice for each year from 1979 through 2023 as derived from passive microwave data.

Arctic sea ice minimum, 1979-2023, by year (each year available from drop-down menu)

Arctic sea ice minimum, 1979-2023, by year (each year available from drop-down menu)

Arctic sea ice minimum, 1979-2023, by year, no date (each year available from drop-down menu)

Arctic sea ice minimum, 1979-2023, by year, no date (each year available from drop-down menu)



Credits

Please give credit for this item to:
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio
The Blue Marble data is courtesy of Reto Stockli (NASA/GSFC).


Series

This visualization can be found in the following series:

Datasets used in this visualization

Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details, nor the data sets themselves on our site.