Global Biosphere March 2017 - Feb 2022
This newly updated data visualization of the Earth's Biosphere was unveiled at the 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 27).
By monitoring the color of reflected light via satellite, scientists can determine how successfully plant life is photosynthesizing. A measurement of photosynthesis is essentially a measurement of successful growth, and growth means successful use of ambient carbon. This data visualization represents five years' worth of data taken primarily by Suomi NPP/VIIRS satellite sensors, showing the abundance of life both on land and in the sea. In the ocean, dark blue represents warmer areas where there is little life due to lack of nutrients, where yellow and orange represent cooler nutrient-rich areas. The nutrient-rich areas include coastal regions where cold water rises from the sea floor bringing nutrients along and areas at the mouths of rivers where the rivers have brought nutrients into the ocean from the land. On land, green represents areas of abundant plant life, such as forests and grasslands, while tan and white represent areas where plant life is sparse or non-existent, such as the deserts in Africa and the Middle East and snow-cover and ice at the poles.
Biological oceanography Biosphere Carbon Cycle and Ecosystems Cryology Cryosphere Earth Science Ecological Dynamics Ecology For Educators HDTV Hydrosphere Hyperwall Microbiota Taxonomy ocean color Ocean Optics Oceans photosynthesis Physical oceanography Phytoplankton Plant Growth Producer Sea Ice Sea Ice Concentration SeaWiFS Snow Cover Snow/Ice Terrestrial Hydrosphere
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, The SeaWiFS Project and GeoEye, Scientific Visualization Studio. NOTE: All SeaWiFS images and data presented on this web site are for research and educational use only. All commercial use of SeaWiFS data must be coordinated with GeoEye (NOTE: In January 2013, DigitalGlobe and GeoEye combined to become DigitalGlobe).
Datasets used in this visualization
Suomi NPP Chlorophyll (A.K.A. Chlorophyll Concentration) (Collected with the VIIRS sensor)
Comiso's Daily Sea Ice Concentration
Interactive Multisensor Snow and Ice Mapping System (IMS) IMS Daily Northern Hemisphere Snow and Ice Analysis (A.K.A. IMS Daily Northern Hemisphere Snow and Ice Analysis - 24 km Resolution)
Dataset can be found at: http://nsidc.org/data/docs/noaa/g02156_ims_snow_ice_analysis/See more visualizations using this data set
Suomi NPP Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (A.K.A. NDVI) (Collected with the VIIRS sensor)
Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details, nor the data sets themselves on our site.