Earth  Sun  ID: 4649

Plasma Zoo: Gyroresonant Scattering

In regions like planetary magnetospheres, a number of more complex interactions can occur between charged particles, fields, and electromagnetic waves. One of these processes is called gyroresonant scattering or alternatively pitch-angle scattering.

In gyroresonant scattering, a charged particle undergoing gyromotion in a background magnetic field interacts with the electric field of a circularly-polarized electromagnetic wave. To the moving particle, the wave appears Doppler-shifted, and if this Doppler-shifted wave frequency is close to the gyro-frequency, the rotating electric field of the wave and add or remove energy from the particle. In the case of a uniform background magnetic field this 'pumping' of energy into and out of the particle can occur all along the particle trajectory. However, if the background magnetic field varies along the particle trajectory, the wave may get only one opportunity to inject or remove energy from the particle.

When this process acts on a collection of particles of different energies and pitch-angles, the process can alter the distribution of energy and pitch angles. This process may be responsible for the 'flushing' of electrons out of some regions of the radiation belts by VLF radio waves, and 'bunching' of other particles.
 

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For More Information

NASA.gov


Visualization Credits

Tom Bridgman (GST): Lead Data Visualizer
Mara Johnson-Groh (Wyle Information Systems): Lead Writer
Alex Boyd (New Mexico Consortium): Scientist
Geoff Reeves (New Mexico Consortium & Los Alamos National Laboratory): Scientist
Laurence Schuler (ADNET Systems Inc.): Project Support
Ian Jones (ADNET Systems Inc.): Project Support
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio

Science Paper:
What Causes Radiation Belt Enhancements: A Survey of the Van Allen Probes Era

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Data Used:
ParticleSimulator
Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details nor the data sets themselves on our site.

This item is part of this series:
Wave and Plasma Zoo

Keywords:
SVS >> Magnetic Fields
SVS >> Hyperwall
NASA Science >> Earth
NASA Science >> Sun
SVS >> Particles and Fields