Earth  ID: 3306

2005 Hurricanes: Clouds and Sea Surface Temperature

This visualization shows sea surface temperatures during most of the 2005 hurricane season. Overlaid are infrared cloud data, storm track data, and storm name labels. Warm ocean waters provide the heat energy that fuels hurricanes. Notice the correspondence between the storm tracks and the sea surface temperature response; this is particulary noticeable for hurricanes Dennis, Emily, and Katrina, where the hurricanes churn up the ocean so that cooler water rises to the surface. This version shows the entire Atlantic hurricane region and depicts all of the 2005 hurricanes except Zeta, which appeared at the very end of the year.

Visualization Credits

Greg Shirah (NASA/GSFC): Lead Animator
Alex Kekesi (GST): Animator
Lori Perkins (NASA/GSFC): Animator
Horace Mitchell (NASA/GSFC): Animator
J. Marshall Shepherd (NASA/GSFC): Scientist
Jeff Halverson (JCET UMBC): Scientist
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio

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Data Used:
2005/06/01 - 2005/12/12
Aqua/AMSR-E/Sea Surface Temperature
2005/06/01 - 2005/12/12
Hurricane/Tropical Data
Database - Unisys - 2005/06/01 - 2005/12/12
TOPEX/Poseidon/Sea Surface Height Anomaly
2005/06/01 - 2005/12/12
Infrared Global Geostationary Composite
Data Compilation - National Center for Environmental Prediction/Aviation Weather Center (NCEP/AWS) - 2005/06/01 - 2005/12/12
Satellite Data Used to Produce WORLD-IR14KM Mosaic: GOES-11 - Southern hemisphere Band 4 10.7 um IR, Northern hemisphere Band 4 10.7 um IR; GOES-12 - Southern hemisphere Band 4 10.7 um IR, Northern hemisphere Band 4 10.7 um IR; Meteosat-7 - Band 8 11.5 um IR; Meteosat-9 - Band 9 10.8 um IR; MTSAT-1R - Band 2 10.8 um IR; NOAA-15 - Band 4 11 micron IR; NOAA-16 - Band 4 11 micron IR; NOAA-17 - Band 4 11 micron IR
Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details nor the data sets themselves on our site.

DLESE >> Atmospheric science
DLESE >> Natural hazards
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Atmosphere >> Atmospheric Phenomena >> Hurricanes
NASA Science >> Earth

GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation: Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version