Universe  ID: 13097

Fermi Scientists Introduce Gamma-ray Constellations

Scientists with NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope have devised a set of modern constellations constructed from sources in the gamma-ray sky to celebrate the mission’s 10th year of operations.

The new constellations include a few characters from modern myths. Among them are the Little Prince, the time-warping TARDIS from “Doctor Who,” Godzilla and his heat ray, the antimatter-powered U.S.S. Enterprise from “Star Trek: The Original Series” and the Hulk, the product of a gamma-ray experiment gone awry. One way or another, all of the gamma-ray constellations tie into Fermi science.

Long ago, sky watchers linked the brightest stars into patterns reflecting animals, heroes, monsters and even scientific instruments into what is now an official collection of 88 constellations.

By 2015, Fermi's Large Area Telescope had mapped some 3,000 gamma-ray sources -- 10 times the number known before the mission. For the first time, the number of known gamma-ray sources was comparable to the number of bright stars in the traditional constellations, inspiring the team to develop a set for the high-energy sky.

The 21 gamma-ray constellations include famous landmarks in countries contributing to Fermi science. Others represent scientific ideas or tools, from Schrödinger’s Cat -- both alive and dead, thanks to quantum physics -- to Albert Einstein, Radio Telescope and Black Widow Spider, the namesake of a class of pulsars that evaporate their unfortunate companion stars.

A web-based interactive showcases the constellations on an image of the whole gamma-ray sky mapped by Fermi.

For More Information

http://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/nasa-s-fermi-mission-energizes-the-sky-with-gamma-ray-constellations/


Credits

Scott Wiessinger (USRA): Lead Producer
Francis Reddy (University of Maryland College Park): Lead Science Writer
Jeanette Kazmierczak (University of Maryland College Park): Science Writer
Elizabeth C. Ferrara (University of Maryland, College Park): Lead Scientist
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. However, individual items should be credited as indicated above.

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http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/13097

Mission:
Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope

This item is part of this series:
Astrophysics Stills

Keywords:
SVS >> Astrophysics
SVS >> Constellation
SVS >> Fermi
NASA Science >> Universe
SVS >> Gamma Ray