Earth’s Oceans Show Decline In Microscopic Plant Life
- Produced by:
- Sophia Roberts
- View full credits
Diatoms, the largest type of phytoplankton algae, have declined more than 1 percent per year from 1998 to 2012 globally, with significant losses occurring in the North Pacific, North Indian and Equatorial Indian oceans. The reduction in population may have an impact on the amount of carbon dioxide drawn out of the atmosphere and transferred to the deep ocean for long-term storage.
This narrated video provides an overview of the study findings and features NASA scientist Cecile Rousseaux.
For complete transcript, click here.
Conceptual animation of microscopic diatoms in the mixed layer as its depth varies. The mixed layer is the surface part of the ocean where sunlight and an abundance of nutrients give rise to a phytoplankton bloom. Wave action draws nutrients from the layer of water below the mixed layer. When the mixed layer shallows, it's total volume decreases, meaning there are fewer total nutrients available to the diatoms and other phytoplankton. As a result, fewer phytoplankton survive.
For More Information
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center
- Krystofer Kim (KBRwyle)
- Trent L. Schindler (USRA)
- Ellen T. Gray (NASA/HQ)
- Cecile S. Rousseaux (USRA)
- Sophia Roberts (AIMM) [Lead]