Sun Emits a Solstice CME
On June 20, 2013, at 11:24 p.m., the sun erupted with an Earth-directed coronal mass ejection or CME, a solar phenomenon that can send billions of tons of particles into space that can reach Earth one to three days later. These particles cannot travel through the atmosphere to harm humans on Earth, but they can affect electronic systems in satellites and on the ground.
Experimental NASA research models, based on observations from NASA's Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory and ESA/NASA's Solar and Heliospheric Observatory show that the CME left the sun at speeds of around 1350 miles per second, which is a fast speed for CMEs.
Earth-directed CMEs can cause a space weather phenomenon called a geomagnetic storm, which occurs when they funnel energy into Earth's magnetic envelope, the magnetosphere, for an extended period of time. The CME's magnetic fields peel back the outermost layers of Earth's fields changing their very shape. Magnetic storms can degrade communication signals and cause unexpected electrical surges in power grids. They also can cause aurora. Storms are rare during solar minimum, but as the sun's activity ramps up every 11 years toward solar maximum—currently expected in late 2013—large storms occur several times per year.
In the past, geomagnetic storms caused by CMEs of this strength and direction have usually been mild.
In addition, the CME may pass by additional spacecraft: Messenger, STEREO B, Spitzer, and their mission operators have been notified. If warranted, operators can put spacecraft into safe mode to protect the instruments from the solar material.
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NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center
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2013 Heliophysics Breaking News
Tuesday, December 31, 2013 at 5:00AM
Produced by - Robert Crippen
Datasets used in this visualization
SDO AIA 304 (304 Filter)ID: 677Collected with AIA JOINT SCIENCE OPERATIONS CENTER
SDO AIA 171 (171 Filter)ID: 680Collected with AIA JOINT SCIENCE OPERATIONS CENTER
SDO AIA 131 (131 Filter)ID: 730Collected with AIA JOINT SCIENCE OPERATIONS CENTER
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