Earth  Sun  ID: 10809

NASA Spacecraft Track Solar Storms From Sun To Earth

NASA's STEREO spacecraft and new data processing techniques have succeeded in tracking space weather events from their origin in the Sun's ultrahot corona to impact with the Earth 96 million miles away, resolving a 40-year mystery about the structure of the structures that cause space weather: how the structures that impact the Earth relate to the corresponding structures in the solar corona.

Despite many instruments that monitor the Sun and a fleet of near-earth probes, the connection between near-Earth disturbances and their counterparts on the Sun has been obscure, because CMEs and the solar wind evolve and change during the 96,000,000 mile journey from the Sun to the Earth.

STEREO includes "heliospheric imager" cameras that monitor the sky at large angles from the Sun, but the starfield and galaxy are 1,000 times brighter than the faint rays of sunlight reflected by free-floating electron clouds inside CMEs and the solar wind; this has made direct imaging of these important structures difficult or impossible, and limited understanding of the connection between space storms and the coronal structures that cause them.

Newly released imagery reveals absolute brightness of detailed features in a large geoeffective CME in late 2008, connecting the original magnetized structure in the Sun's corona to the intricate anatomy of an interplanetary storm as it impacted the Earth three days later. At the time the data were collected, in late 2008, STEREO-A was nearly 45 degrees ahead of the Earth in its orbit, affording a very clear view of the Earth-Sun line.

For the press conference Visual 1, a visualization of the STEREO orbits and the 2008 CME, go here.

For Visual 7, a CME and reconnection animation, go here.

For Visual 8, footage of the October 2003 solar storms, go here.



For More Information


Tom Bridgman (GST): Animator
Walt Feimer (HTSI): Animator
Scott Wiessinger (USRA): Animator
Craig DeForest (SwRI): Animator
Scott Wiessinger (USRA): Video Editor
Swarupa Nune (Vantage): Video Editor
Joycelyn Thomson Jones (NASA/GSFC): Narrator
Scott Wiessinger (USRA): Producer
Swarupa Nune (Vantage): Producer
Craig DeForest (SwRI): Scientist
David Webb (Boston College): Scientist
Scott Wiessinger (USRA): Writer
Craig DeForest (SwRI): Writer
Swarupa Nune (Vantage): Writer
Karen Fox (ADNET): Writer
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Data Used:
The STEREO mission consists of two Sun-observing spacecraft that will travel around the Sun on orbits slightly inside and slightly outside Earth's orbit.
Note: While we identify the data sets used in these visualizations, we do not store any further details nor the data sets themselves on our site.

This item is part of these series:
Solar CME
Narrated Movies
Goddard Shorts

Goddard TV Tape:
G2011-088 -- NASA Spacecraft Track Solar Storms From Sun To Earth

SVS >> Magnetosphere
SVS >> Solar Wind
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Sun-earth Interactions
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Sun-earth Interactions >> Solar Activity >> Solar Flares
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Sun-earth Interactions >> Solar Activity >> Solar Ultraviolet
SVS >> Space Weather
SVS >> Hyperwall
SVS >> Solar Dynamics Observatory
SVS >> Heliophysics
DLESE >> Narrated
SVS >> Corona
NASA Science >> Earth
NASA Science >> Sun
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Sun-earth Interactions >> Solar Activity >> Coronal Mass Ejections

GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation: Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version