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2012 and the Future of Fire

The U.S. fire season in 2012 was by some measures a record-breaking season. NASA scientist Doug Morton and University of Maryland scientist Louis Giglio discuss the links between climate and wildfires and the likelihood of seeing more extreme fire events in the future. This page includes a short video discussing these topics, extended interview clips from Giglio and Morton, and visualizations of the 2012 fire season in North America.



A short video featuring NASA Scientist Doug Morton.    A short video featuring NASA Scientist Doug Morton. For complete transcript, click here.
Duration: 2.4 minutes
Available formats:
  1280x720 (60 fps) QT         2 GB
  320x240 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4   14 MB
  960x540 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4   66 MB
  640x360 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4   26 MB
  640x360 (29.97 fps) QT         63 MB
  720x480 (29.97 fps) WMV         74 MB
  1280x720 (29.97 fps) QT         85 MB
  960x540 (29.97 fps) WEBM         35 MB
  1024x576   JPEG         227 KB
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Researchers Louis Giglio of the University of Maryland and Doug Morton of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center discuss satellite observations of fires, the 2012 fire season, and climate projections for the future.    Researchers Louis Giglio of the University of Maryland and Doug Morton of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center discuss satellite observations of fires, the 2012 fire season, and climate projections for the future.
Duration: 5.4 minutes
Available formats:
  1280x720 (29.97 fps) QT (Morton) 199 MB
  1280x720 (59.94 fps) QT (Morton) 5 GB
  1280x720 (29.97 fps) QT (Giglio) 150 MB
  1280x720 (59.94 fps) QT (Giglio) 3 GB
  960x540 (29.97 fps) WEBM         79 MB
  1024x576   JPEG         224 KB
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NASA satellites constantly monitor fire activity on Earth and 2012 was a big year for fire in North America. The following visualization represents a compilation of the active fires detected by the MODIS instrument on board the Terra and Aqua satellites from Jan. 1 through Oct. 31, 2012.

Smaller agricultural fires in the southeast United States and Mexico appear to dominate the scene, but the big story of the year was large wildfires. Bright yellow on the map shows areas that are more intense and have a larger area that is actively burning, flaming and/or smoldering, including some of the major wildfires of the year. For more on this video, visit svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?4011

For more information on fires and climate, visit: www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/climate-fire.html

And to see a short video exploring the 2012 fire season and fire projections for the future, visit: youtu.be/pagJR0xMj_4



Cumulative Daily MODIS Active Fires in the United States during 2012 over 16 day composite MODIS NDVI and 16 day composite MODIS snow and ice. In this animation active fires persist for 30 days with newer fires being overlaid on top of older fires.    Cumulative Daily MODIS Active Fires in the United States during 2012 over 16 day composite MODIS NDVI and 16 day composite MODIS snow and ice. In this animation active fires persist for 30 days with newer fires being overlaid on top of older fires.
Duration: 20.4 seconds
Available formats:
  1920x1080 (30 fps) MPEG-4   26 MB
  640x360 (30 fps) MPEG-4   3 MB
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The cumulative fires of 2012 from January 1 through Oct 31, 2012.    The cumulative fires of 2012 from January 1 through Oct 31, 2012.

Available formats:
  5760 x 3420     TIFF     22 MB
  1920 x 1080     TIFF       2 MB
  5760 x 3420     JPEG       3 MB


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Short URL to This Page:http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?11159
Animation Number:11159
Completed:2012-12-04
Animators:Lori Perkins (NASA/GSFC) (Lead)
 Jesse Allen (Sigma Space Corporation)
Producer:Jefferson Beck (USRA)
Scientists:Doug C. Morton (NASA/GSFC)
 Louis Giglio (SSAI)
 Inbal Becker Reshef (University of Maryland)
Videographer:Rob Andreoli (AIMM)
Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets:Terra/MODIS
 Aqua/MODIS
 Terra/MODIS/NDVI
Series:Narrated Movies
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center
 
Keywords:
SVS >> Climate
SVS >> Drought
SVS >> Earth
SVS >> Fire Management
SVS >> HDTV
SVS >> Natural Disasters >> Fires
NASA Science >> Earth
SVS >> 2013 Fires
 
 


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Many of our multimedia items use the GCMD keywords. These keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation:
Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 8.0.0.0.0

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