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NASA Discovers Massive Phytoplankton Bloom Under Arctic Sea Ice

Scientists have made a biological discovery in Arctic Ocean waters as dramatic and unexpected as finding a rainforest in the middle of a desert. A NASA-sponsored expedition punched through three-foot thick sea ice to find waters richer in microscopic marine plants, essential to all sea life, than any other ocean region on Earth.

The discovery is the result of an oceanographic expedition called ICESCAPE, or Impacts of Climate on EcoSystems and Chemistry of the Arctic Pacific Environment. The NASA-sponsored mission explored the seas along Alaska's western and northern coasts onboard a U.S. Coast Guard icebreaker during the summers of 2010 and 2011. The finding reveals a new consequence of the Arctic's warming climate and provides an important clue to understanding the impacts of a changing climate and environment on the Arctic Ocean and its ecology.

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Another multimedia item related to this story:
     ICESCAPE Mission Measures High Chlorophyll-a Under the Ice (id 3927)

This narrated video provides an overview of the discovery.    This narrated video provides an overview of the discovery.

For complete transcript, click here.
Duration: 2.0 minutes
Available formats:
  1280x720 (29.97 fps) WMV         62 MB
  960x540 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4   57 MB
  640x360 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4   23 MB
  320x240 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4   11 MB
  640x360 (29.97 fps) QT         52 MB
  1280x720 (59.94 fps) QT         2 GB
  1280x720 (29.97 fps) QT         73 MB
  960x540 (29.97 fps) WEBM         12 MB
  320x180     PNG           243 KB
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Animation Number:10907
Animator:Greg Shirah (NASA/GSFC)
Video Editor:Kayvon Sharghi (USRA)
Narrator:Kayvon Sharghi (USRA)
Producer:Kayvon Sharghi (USRA)
Scientists:Kevin Arrigo (Standford University)
 Karen Frey (Clark University)
Writer:Kayvon Sharghi (USRA)
Series:Narrated Movies
Goddard TV Tape:G2012-061 -- NASA Discovers Massive Blooms Under Arctic Sea Ice
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
Under-ice footage courtesy of Karen Frey (Clark University)
SVS >> Earth
SVS >> Phytoplankton
SVS >> Phytoplankton Blooms
SVS >> Sea Ice
NASA Science >> Earth

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Many of our multimedia items use the GCMD keywords. These keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation:
Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version logo - the U.S. Government's official Web portal. + Privacy Policy and Important Notices
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