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Biggest Solar Storm Since 2005

The sun erupted late on January 22, 2012 with an M8.7 class flare, an earth-directed coronal mass ejection (CME), and a burst of fast moving, highly energetic protons known as a "solar energetic particle" event. The latter has caused the strongest solar radiation storm since September 2005 according to NOAA's Space Weather Prediction Center.
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Solar Dynamics Observatory captured the flare, shown here in teal as that is the color typically used to show light in the 131 Angstrom wavelength, a wavelength in which it is easy to view solar flares. The flare began at 10:38 PM ET on Jan. 22, peaked at 10:59 PM and ended at 11:34 PM. Credit: NASA/SDO/AIA    Solar Dynamics Observatory captured the flare, shown here in teal as that is the color typically used to show light in the 131 Angstrom wavelength, a wavelength in which it is easy to view solar flares. The flare began at 10:38 PM ET on Jan. 22, peaked at 10:59 PM and ended at 11:34 PM.

Credit: NASA/SDO/AIA
Duration: 14.8 seconds
Available formats:
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  320x180 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4   990 KB
  1280x720   PNG           752 KB
  320x180     PNG           146 KB
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The Solar Heliospheric Observatory captured the coronal mass ejection (CME) in this video (which shows the sun's activity from January 19 to January 23). The end of the movie shows the interference caused by the onslaught of fast, energetic solar particles emitted from the sun. Credit: SOHO/ESA & NASA    The Solar Heliospheric Observatory captured the coronal mass ejection (CME) in this video (which shows the sun's activity from January 19 to January 23). The end of the movie shows the interference caused by the onslaught of fast, energetic solar particles emitted from the sun.

Credit: SOHO/ESA & NASA
Duration: 13.1 seconds
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  480x480 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4   1 MB
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SOHO view of M9 flare. Credit: SOHO/ESA & NASA    SOHO view of M9 flare.

Credit: SOHO/ESA & NASA
Duration: 6.3 seconds
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Solar Dynamics Observatory captured the flare, shown here in bronze as that is the color typically used to show light in the 193 Angstrom wavelength. The flare began at 10:38 PM ET on Jan. 22, peaked at 10:59 PM and ended at 11:34 PM. Credit: NASA/SDO/AIA    Solar Dynamics Observatory captured the flare, shown here in bronze as that is the color typically used to show light in the 193 Angstrom wavelength. The flare began at 10:38 PM ET on Jan. 22, peaked at 10:59 PM and ended at 11:34 PM.

Credit: NASA/SDO/AIA

Available formats:
  4096 x 4096     JPEG       2 MB


Solar Dynamics Observatory captured the flare, shown here in teal as that is the color typically used to show light in the 131 Angstrom wavelength. The flare began at 10:38 PM ET on Jan. 22, peaked at 10:59 PM and ended at 11:34 PM. Credit: NASA/SDO/AIA    Solar Dynamics Observatory captured the flare, shown here in teal as that is the color typically used to show light in the 131 Angstrom wavelength. The flare began at 10:38 PM ET on Jan. 22, peaked at 10:59 PM and ended at 11:34 PM.

Credit: NASA/SDO/AIA

Available formats:
  611 x 608         JPEG   306 KB


Solar Dynamics Observatory captured the flare, shown here in red/orange as that is the color typically used to show light in the 304 Angstrom wavelength. The flare began at 10:38 PM ET on Jan. 22, peaked at 10:59 PM and ended at 11:34 PM. Credit: NASA/SDO/AIA    Solar Dynamics Observatory captured the flare, shown here in red/orange as that is the color typically used to show light in the 304 Angstrom wavelength. The flare began at 10:38 PM ET on Jan. 22, peaked at 10:59 PM and ended at 11:34 PM.

Credit: NASA/SDO/AIA
Duration: 8.1 seconds
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Interview with Antti Pulkkinen, NASA Solar Scientist.  What makes this event different from other recent CMEs and flares?    Interview with Antti Pulkkinen, NASA Solar Scientist. What makes this event different from other recent CMEs and flares?

For complete transcript, click here.
Duration: 23.7 seconds
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Interview with Antti Pulkkinen, NASA Solar Scientist.  The three stages of this event.    Interview with Antti Pulkkinen, NASA Solar Scientist. The three stages of this event.

For complete transcript, click here.
Duration: 39.2 seconds
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Interview with Antti Pulkkinen, NASA Solar Scientist.  How will this event affect the Earth?    Interview with Antti Pulkkinen, NASA Solar Scientist. How will this event affect the Earth?

For complete transcript, click here.
Duration: 28.4 seconds
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Interview with Antti Pulkkinen, NASA Solar Scientist.  Will we see more events like this one in the future?    Interview with Antti Pulkkinen, NASA Solar Scientist. Will we see more events like this one in the future?

For complete transcript, click here.


Duration: 26.5 seconds
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Short URL to This Page:http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?10899
Animation Number:10899
Completed:2012-01-24
Video Editor:Scott Wiessinger (USRA)
Interviewee:Antti Pulkinnen (NASA/GSFC)
Producers:Scott Wiessinger (USRA)
 Genna Duberstein (USRA)
Project Support:Swarupa Nune (Vantage)
 Stuart A. Snodgrass (HTSI)
 Rich Melnick (HTSI)
 Pat Kennedy (HTSI)
Videographer:Rob Andreoli (AIMM)
Writer:Karen Fox (ASI)
Series:Narrated Movies
 Heliophysics Breaking News
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
 
Keywords:
SVS >> CME
SVS >> Coronal Mass Ejection
SVS >> HDTV
SVS >> Solar Flare
SVS >> Solar Ultraviolet
SVS >> Solar Wind
SVS >> Sun
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Sun-earth Interactions
SVS >> Space Weather
SVS >> SDO
SVS >> Solar Dynamics Observatory
SVS >> Heliophysics
SVS >> Corona
 
 


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Many of our multimedia items use the GCMD keywords. These keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation:
Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 8.0.0.0.0

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