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Earthrise: The 45th Anniversary

In December of 1968, the crew of Apollo 8 became the first people to leave our home planet and travel to another body in space. But as crew members Frank Borman, James Lovell, and William Anders all later recalled, the most important thing they discovered was Earth.

Using photo mosaics and elevation data from Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), this video commemorates the 45th anniversary of Apollo 8's historic flight by recreating the moment when the crew first saw and photographed the Earth rising from behind the Moon. Narrator Andrew Chaikin, author of A Man on the Moon, sets the scene for a three-minute visualization of the view from both inside and outside the spacecraft accompanied by the onboard audio of the astronauts.

The visualization draws on numerous historical sources, including the actual cloud pattern on Earth from the ESSA-7 satellite and dozens of photographs taken by Apollo 8, and it reveals new, historically significant information about the Earthrise photographs. It has not been widely known, for example, that the spacecraft was rolling when the photos were taken, and that it was this roll that brought the Earth into view. The visualization establishes the precise timing of the roll and, for the first time ever, identifies which window each photograph was taken from.

The key to the new work is a set of vertical stereo photographs taken by a camera mounted in the Command Module's rendezvous window and pointing straight down onto the lunar surface. It automatically photographed the surface every 20 seconds. By registering each photograph to a model of the terrain based on LRO data, the orientation of the spacecraft can be precisely determined.

A Google Hangout discussion of this visualization between Ernie Wright (creator of the visualization), Andrew Chaikin (narrator and script writer for the visualization and author of A Man on the Moon), John Keller (LRO project scientist), and Aries Keck (NASA media specialist) was held on December 20, 2013. A replay of that hangout is available here.
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Another multimedia item related to this story:
     Earthrise (id 3936)
More information on this topic available at:
http://www.nasa.gov/content/nasa-releases-new-earthrise-simulation-video/

The full video, with narration by Andrew Chaikin. You can also watch this video on the NASAexplorer YouTube channel .    The full video, with narration by Andrew Chaikin. You can also watch this video on the NASAexplorer YouTube channel. For complete transcript, click here.
Duration: 6.9 minutes
Available formats:
  1920x1080 (29.97 fps) QT (YouTube) 363 MB
  1920x1080 (29.97 fps) QT (ProRes) 6 GB
  1280x720 (29.97 fps) QT (ProRes) 3 GB
  1280x720 (29.97 fps) WMV (Windows) 182 MB
  960x540 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4 (AppleTV) 177 MB
  640x360 (29.97 fps) QT         146 MB
  640x360 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4 (iPod) 76 MB
  320x240 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4 (iPod) 35 MB
  320x180     PNG           53 KB
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The central portion of the video, covering the real-time visualization synchronized with the onboard astronaut audio.    The central portion of the video, covering the real-time visualization synchronized with the onboard astronaut audio.
Duration: 2.9 minutes
Available formats:
  1920x1080 (29.97 fps) QT (ProRes) 2 GB
  1280x720 (29.97 fps) QT (ProRes) 1 GB
  1920x1080 (29.97 fps) QT (YouTube) 93 MB
  1280x720 (29.97 fps) WMV (Windows) 72 MB
  960x540 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4 (AppleTV) 73 MB
  640x360 (29.97 fps) QT         54 MB
  640x360 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4 (iPod) 32 MB
  320x240 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4 (iPod) 12 MB
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An external view of the spacecraft as the Earth rises in the distance.    An external view of the spacecraft as the Earth rises in the distance.
Duration: 3.0 minutes
Available formats:
  1920x1080 MPEG-4   31 MB
  1280x720   MPEG-4   15 MB
  640x360     MPEG-4   5 MB
  1920x1080 Frames (Csm)
  1920x1080 Frames (Csm plate)
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An idealized view of Earth rising above the lunar terrain, using a focal length similar to the lens used for the Earthrise photographs.    An idealized view of Earth rising above the lunar terrain, using a focal length similar to the lens used for the Earthrise photographs.
Duration: 2.1 minutes
Available formats:
  1920x1080 MPEG-4   22 MB
  1280x720   MPEG-4   11 MB
  640x360     MPEG-4   5 MB
  1920x1080 Frames (Earthrise)
  1920x1080 JPEG         165 KB
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The three Earthrise photographs, scaled and rotated to match the telephoto view. They correspond to frames 1092, 2814, and 3545 of that clip.    The three Earthrise photographs, scaled and rotated to match the telephoto view. They correspond to frames 1092, 2814, and 3545 of that clip.

Available formats:
  1920 x 1080     TIFF (Monochrome) 687 KB
  1920 x 1080     TIFF (First color) 629 KB
  1920 x 1080     TIFF (Second color) 791 KB


A nadir view of the lunar surface, overlaid with Apollo 8 vertical stereo photographs.    A nadir view of the lunar surface, overlaid with Apollo 8 vertical stereo photographs.
Duration: 3.0 minutes
Available formats:
  1920x1080 MPEG-4   78 MB
  1280x720   MPEG-4   42 MB
  640x360     MPEG-4   13 MB
  1920x1080 Frames (Vert)
  1920x1080 JPEG         386 KB
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The view of the Moon and Earth through the right side window (window 5).    The view of the Moon and Earth through the right side window (window 5).
Duration: 1.0 minutes
Available formats:
  1920x1080 MPEG-4   12 MB
  1280x720   MPEG-4   6 MB
  640x360     MPEG-4   2 MB
  1920x1080 Frames (Right)
  1920x1080 JPEG         193 KB
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The view of the Moon and Earth through the right rendezvous window (window 4).    The view of the Moon and Earth through the right rendezvous window (window 4).
Duration: 1.0 minutes
Available formats:
  1920x1080 MPEG-4   12 MB
  1280x720   MPEG-4   6 MB
  640x360     MPEG-4   2 MB
  1920x1080 Frames (Rrend)
  1920x1080 JPEG         189 KB
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The window border for the right rendezvous window (window 4).    The window border for the right rendezvous window (window 4).
Duration: 5.0 seconds
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  1920x1080 MPEG-4   622 KB
  1280x720   MPEG-4   260 KB
  640x360     MPEG-4   95 KB
  1920x1080 Frames (Window4)
  1920x1080 PNG           625 KB
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The window border for the right side window (window 5).    The window border for the right side window (window 5).
Duration: 5.0 seconds
Available formats:
  1920x1080 MPEG-4   437 KB
  1280x720   MPEG-4   192 KB
  640x360     MPEG-4   75 KB
  1920x1080 Frames (Window5)
  1920x1080 PNG           528 KB
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The head-up display of the time and the position and orientation of the spacecraft.    The head-up display of the time and the position and orientation of the spacecraft.
Duration: 3.0 minutes
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  320x200     MPEG-4   2 MB
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  320x200     PNG           12 KB
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A nose-on view of the spacecraft as it begins to roll. This highlights the positions of the windows relative to the roll direction.    A nose-on view of the spacecraft as it begins to roll. This highlights the positions of the windows relative to the roll direction.
Duration: 12.0 seconds
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  1920x1080 MPEG-4   1 MB
  1280x720   MPEG-4   571 KB
  640x360     MPEG-4   193 KB
  1920x1080 Frames (Headon)
  1920x1080 PNG           509 KB
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A view of the spacecraft during an early orbit, showing that the windows faced away from Earth.    A view of the spacecraft during an early orbit, showing that the windows faced away from Earth.
Duration: 10.0 seconds
Available formats:
  1920x1080 MPEG-4   2 MB
  1280x720   MPEG-4   1 MB
  640x360     MPEG-4   370 KB
  1920x1080 Frames (No see earth)
  1920x1080 JPEG         213 KB
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Through high thin clouds, a naked-eye view of the Moon from Earth on December 24, 1968. The Moon is a waxing crescent in the constellation Aquarius.    Through high thin clouds, a naked-eye view of the Moon from Earth on December 24, 1968. The Moon is a waxing crescent in the constellation Aquarius.
Duration: 10.0 seconds
Available formats:
  1920x1080 MPEG-4   1 MB
  1280x720   MPEG-4   633 KB
  640x360     MPEG-4   168 KB
  1920x1080 Frames (Fromearth)
  1920x1080 JPEG         98 KB
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A telescopic view of the Moon from Earth as the spacecraft emerges from the far side.    A telescopic view of the Moon from Earth as the spacecraft emerges from the far side.
Duration: 6.7 seconds
Available formats:
  1920x1080 MPEG-4   1010 KB
  1280x720   MPEG-4   509 KB
  640x360     MPEG-4   153 KB
  1920x1080 Frames (Fromearth2)
  1920x1080 JPEG         158 KB
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The lunar terrain rolls beneath the camera as it chases the spacecraft, seen from a great distance.    The lunar terrain rolls beneath the camera as it chases the spacecraft, seen from a great distance.
Duration: 20.0 seconds
Available formats:
  1920x1080 MPEG-4   5 MB
  1280x720   MPEG-4   2 MB
  640x360     MPEG-4   1 MB
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  1920x1080 JPEG         250 KB
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Short URL to This Page:http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?4129
Animation Number:4129
Completed:2013-12-17
Animator:Ernie Wright (USRA) (Lead)
Video Editor:Dan Gallagher (USRA)
Narration:Andrew Chaikin
Narrator:Andrew Chaikin
Producers:Dan Gallagher (USRA)
 Ernie Wright (USRA)
 Andrew Chaikin
 Noah Petro (ORAU)
Scientists:John Keller (NASA/GSFC)
 Noah Petro (ORAU)
Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets:Terra/MODIS/Blue Marble
 Apollo 8 Trajectory Reconstruction
 LRO/LROC/WAC 643nm High Sun Global Mosaic
 LRO/LOLA/Digital Elevation Map
Series:Narrated Movies
 The Moon
 LRO - Animations
Goddard TV Tape:G2013-102 -- Earthrise 45th Anniversary
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio

Andrew Chaikin appears courtesy of the Lunar and Planetary Institute. Spacecraft model by Stuart Howes.
 
Keywords:
SVS >> Elevation data
SVS >> Flyover
SVS >> HDTV
SVS >> Laser Altimeter
SVS >> Lunar
SVS >> Moon
SVS >> LRO
SVS >> Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter
SVS >> LOLA
SVS >> LROC
SVS >> Lunar Topography
SVS >> Lunar Elevation Map
SVS >> Solar System >> Moon >> Lunar Surface
SVS >> Apollo 8
SVS >> Earthrise
 
 


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Many of our multimedia items use the GCMD keywords. These keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation:
Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 8.0.0.0.0

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