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Five-Year Average Global Temperature Anomalies from 1880 to 2011

The global average surface temperature in 2011 was the ninth warmest since 1880.The finding sustains a trend that has seen the 21st century experience nine of the 10 warmest years in the modern meteorological record. NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York released an analysis of how temperatures around the globe in 2011 compared to the average global temperature from the mid-20th century. The comparison shows how Earth continues to experience higher temperatures than several decades ago. The average temperature around the globe in 2011 was 0.92 degrees F (0.51 C) higher than the mid-20th century baseline.

"We know the planet is absorbing more energy than it is emitting," said GISS director James E. Hansen. "So we are continuing to see a trend toward higher temperatures. Even with the cooling effects of a strong La Ni?a influence and low solar activity for the past several years, 2011 was one of the 10 warmest years on record."

The difference between 2011 and the warmest year in the GISS record (2010) is 0.22 degrees F (0.12 C). This underscores the emphasis scientists put on the long-term trend of global temperature rise as opposed to year-to-year variations. Because of the large natural variability of climate, scientists do not expect annual temperatures to rise consistently each year. However, they do expect a continuing temperature rise over decades. The first 11 years of the 21st century experienced notably higher temperatures compared to the middle and late 20th century, Hansen said.

For more information on the GISS temperature analysis, visit:

http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp

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This color-coded map displays a progression of changing global surface temperatures anomalies from 1880 through 2011. The final frame represents global temperature anomalies averaged from 2007 to 2011.    This color-coded map displays a progression of changing global surface temperatures anomalies from 1880 through 2011. The final frame represents global temperature anomalies averaged from 2007 to 2011.
Duration: 26.0 seconds
Available formats:
  1920x1080 (30 fps) Frames (Dates)
  1920x1080 (60 fps) Frames (Dates)
  1920x1080 (30 fps) MPEG-4   38 MB
  640x360 (30 fps) MPEG-4   4 MB
  3840x2160 TIFF         6 MB
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This visualization shows the same data as above with the corresponding date overlay applied. The final frame and the large still image represent global temperature anomalies averaged from 2007 to 2011.    This visualization shows the same data as above with the corresponding date overlay applied. The final frame and the large still image represent global temperature anomalies averaged from 2007 to 2011.

Available formats:
  3840x2160 TIFF         5 MB
  1920x1080 (30 fps) Frames (NoDates)
  1920x1080 (60 fps) Frames (NoDates)
  320x180     PNG           71 KB
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This visualization shows the same data as above with the corresponding date and colorbar overlay applied.    This visualization shows the same data as above with the corresponding date and colorbar overlay applied.
Duration: 26.0 seconds
Available formats:
  640x360     MPEG-4   4 MB
  1920x1080 MPEG-4   37 MB
  1920x1080 Frames (Dates withColorbar)
  1920x1080 JPEG         339 KB
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Temperature difference colorbar.
   Temperature difference colorbar.

Available formats:
  320 x 90           PNG         7 KB


This frame set and this movie of the five-year global temperature anomalies from 1880 through 2010 are made to be displayed on the Science on a Sphere display.    This frame set and this movie of the five-year global temperature anomalies from 1880 through 2010 are made to be displayed on the Science on a Sphere display.

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       6 MB


Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1890 to 1894.    Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1890 to 1894.

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  3840 x 2160     TIFF       6 MB


Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1900 to 1904.    Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1900 to 1904.

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  3840 x 2160     TIFF       6 MB


Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1910 to 1914.    Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1910 to 1914.

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  3840 x 2160     TIFF       6 MB


Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1920 to 1924.    Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1920 to 1924.

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  3840 x 2160     TIFF       6 MB


Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1930 to 1934.    Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1930 to 1934.

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       6 MB


Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1940 to 1944.    Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1940 to 1944.

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  3840 x 2160     TIFF       6 MB


Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1950 to 1954.    Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1950 to 1954.



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  3840 x 2160     TIFF       6 MB


Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1960 to 1964.    Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1960 to 1964.



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  3840 x 2160     TIFF       6 MB


Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1970 to 1974.    Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1970 to 1974.

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       6 MB


Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1980 to 1984.    Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1980 to 1984.

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       6 MB


Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1990 to 1994.    Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 1990 to 1994.

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  3840 x 2160     TIFF       6 MB


Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 2000 to 2004.    Global Temperature Anomalies averaged from 2000 to 2004.

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  3840 x 2160     TIFF       6 MB


Global Temperature anomaly data from 1992 through 2011 rendered out at 3840 by 2160 resolution.    Global Temperature anomaly data from 1992 through 2011 rendered out at 3840 by 2160 resolution.

Available formats:
  3840x2160 Frames (Temperature anomaly 1992 2011)
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Short URL to This Page:http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?3901
Animation Number:3901
Completed:2012-01-18
Animator:Lori Perkins (NASA/GSFC) (Lead)
Scientists:James Hansen Ph.D. (NASA/GSFC GISS)
 Reto A. Ruedy Ph.D. (SIGMA Space Partners, LLC.)
 Kwok-Wai Ken Lo Ph.D. (SIGMA Space Partners, LLC.)
 Makiko Sato Ph.D. (Columbia University, Center for Climate Systems Research)
 Robert B Schmunk Ph.D. (SIGMA Space Partners, LLC.)
Project Support:Robert B Schmunk Ph.D. (SIGMA Space Partners, LLC.)
Writer:Patrick Lynch (Wyle Information Systems)
Platform/Sensor/Data Set:GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP)/GISTEMP
Series:Global Temperature Anomalies
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio

Data provided by Robert B. Schmunk (NASA/GSFC GISS)
 
Keywords:
SVS >> Climate
SVS >> Global Warming
SVS >> HDTV
DLESE >> Physical oceanography
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Biosphere >> Ecological Dynamics >> Extinction
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Climate Indicators >> Teleconnections >> El Nino Southern Oscillation
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Oceans >> Coastal Processes >> Sea Level Rise
SVS >> Model Data
SVS >> iPod
SVS >> Science On a Sphere
Science paper:

*Hansen, J., R. Ruedy, Mki. Sato, and K. Lo, 2010: Global surface temperature change. Rev. Geophys., 48, RG4004, doi:10.1029/2010RG000345.

Model documentation, including the ModelE specification and results from three standard configurations, is given in the following journal article:

* Schmidt, G.A., R. Ruedy, J.E. Hansen, I. Aleinov, N. Bell, M. Bauer, S. Bauer, B. Cairns, V. Canuto, Y. Cheng, A. Del Genio, G. Faluvegi, A.D. Friend, T.M. Hall, Y. Hu, M. Kelley, N.Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A.A. Lacis, J. Lerner, K.K. Lo, R.L. Miller, L. Nazarenko, V. Oinas, Ja. Perlwitz, Ju. Perlwitz, D. Rind, A. Romanou, G.L. Russell, Mki. Sato, D.T. Shindell, P.H. Stone, S. Sun, N. Tausnev, D. Thresher, and M.-S. Yao 2006. Present day atmospheric simulations using GISS ModelE: Comparison to in-situ, satellite and reanalysis data. J. Climate 19, 153-192.

 
 


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Many of our multimedia items use the GCMD keywords. These keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation:
Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 8.0.0.0.0

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