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South American Fire Observations and MODIS NDVI

From space, we can understand fires in ways that are impossible from the ground. NASA research has contributed to much improved detection of fire for scientific purposes using satellite remote sensing and geographic information systems. This visualization of South America shows fire observations made by MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instruments on board the Terra and Aqua satellites . South America exhibits a steady flickering of fire across much of the Amazon rainforest with peaks of activity in September and November. Almost all of the fires in the Amazon are the direct result of human activity, including slash-and-burn agriculture, because the high moisture levels in the region prevent inhibit natural fires from occurring.

More information on the Fire Information for Resource Management (FIRMS) is available at http://maps.geog.umd.edu/firms/

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This animation shows fires over MODIS NDVI in South America from July 2002 through July 2011.  The still image seen here is from July 15, 2007 where fires scorched more than 3 million acres.  Naturally ocurring fires are not uncommon in the drier forests and grasslands of South America, but this type of intense, continent-spanning fire activity is almost certainly a product of human activities.    This animation shows fires over MODIS NDVI in South America from July 2002 through July 2011. The still image seen here is from July 15, 2007 where fires scorched more than 3 million acres. Naturally ocurring fires are not uncommon in the drier forests and grasslands of South America, but this type of intense, continent-spanning fire activity is almost certainly a product of human activities.
Duration: 1.1 minutes
Available formats:
  1920x1080 TIFF         2 MB
  640x360 (30 fps) MPEG-4   12 MB
  1920x1080 (30 fps) MPEG-4   101 MB
  1920x1080 (30 fps) Frames
  1920x1080 (60 fps) Frames
  320x180     PNG           68 KB
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Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2002.    Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2002.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     17 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2002.    Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2002.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     18 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2002.    Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2002.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     17 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2003.    Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2003.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     18 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2003.    Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2003.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     17 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2003.    Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2003.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     18 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2003.    Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2003.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     17 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2004.    Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2004.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     18 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2004.    Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2004.

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Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2004.    Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2004.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     17 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2004.    Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2004.

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Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2005.    Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2005.

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Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2005.    Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2005.

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Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2005.    Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2005.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     18 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2005.    Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2005.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     18 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2006.    Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2006.

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Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2006.    Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2006.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     17 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2006.    Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2006.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     18 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2006.    Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2006.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     17 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2007.    Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2007.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     17 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2007.    Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2007.

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Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2007.    Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2007.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     18 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2007.    Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2007.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     17 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2008.    Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2008.

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Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2008.    Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2008.

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Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2008.    Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2008.

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Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2008.    Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2008.

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Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2009.    Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2009.

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Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2009.    Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2009.

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Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2009.    Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2009.

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Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2009.    Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2009.

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Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2010.    Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2010.

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Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2010.    Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2010.

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Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2010.    Active fires and vegetation index for September 15, 2010.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     18 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2010.    Active fires and vegetation index for December 15, 2010.

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  5760 x 3240     TIFF     17 MB


Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2011.    Active fires and vegetation index for March 15, 2011.

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Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2011.    Active fires and vegetation index for July 15, 2011.

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Colortable showing MODIS fire pixels. The number colorized is MODIS MCD14ML T21 Brightness temperature minus the T31 Brightness temperature.
   Colortable showing MODIS fire pixels. The number colorized is MODIS MCD14ML T21 Brightness temperature minus the T31 Brightness temperature.

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  320 x 90           PNG       11 KB



Colortable showing the MODIS MYD13C1 product of composite 16 day Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI).
   Colortable showing the MODIS MYD13C1 product of composite 16 day Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI).

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  320 x 90           PNG       13 KB

Short URL to This Page:http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?3872
Animation Number:3872
Completed:2011-11-01
Animators:Lori Perkins (NASA/GSFC) (Lead)
 Greg Shirah (NASA/GSFC)
Producer:Kayvon Sharghi (USRA)
Scientists:Chris Justice (University of Maryland)
 Louis Giglio (SSAI)
 Luigi Boschetti Ph.D. (University Of Maryland College Park)
Writer:Adam P Voiland (Wyle Information Systems)
Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets:Terra and Aqua/MODIS/Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)
 Terra and Aqua/MODIS/Fire Location
Data Collected:2002/07/01 - 2011/07/30
Series:Fires
 Multisensor Fire Observations
 NDVI
 Agriculture Animations - Fires
Please give credit for this item to:
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio
 
Keywords:
DLESE >> Atmospheric science
DLESE >> Forestry
SVS >> HDTV
DLESE >> Natural hazards
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Biosphere >> Ecological Dynamics >> Fire Occurrence
SVS >> For Educators
SVS >> Fire
SVS >> Ecosystems
SVS >> Natural Disaster
SVS >> Natural Disaster >> Fire
NASA Science >> Earth
 
 


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Many of our multimedia items use the GCMD keywords. These keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation:
Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 8.0.0.0.0

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