Skip all navigation and jump to content Jump to site navigation Jump to section navigation.
NASA Logo - Goddard Space Flight Center + Visit NASA.gov
HOME PROJECTS RESOURCES SEARCH MAP

+ Advanced Search
Home
Home
View Most Recently Released Imagery
View Gallery of Imagery: A topical collection of SVS Imagery
Search Imagery by the keywords assigned to it
Search Imagery by the instruments that supplied data for a visualization product
Search Imagery by the series of visualizations that have been produced
Search Imagery by the scientist providing the data used in a visualization product
Search Imagery by the animator that created the product
Search Imagery by the identification number assigned to the visualization product
See other search options





  + RSS Feeds
  + Podcasts
blank image
Previous Animation Number   Next Animation Number
Aqua/AIRS Carbon Dioxide, 2002-2009, With Mauna Loa Carbon Dioxide Graph

This visualization is a time-series of the global distribution and variation of the concentration of mid-tropospheric carbon dioxide observed by the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) on the NASA Aqua spacecraft. For comparison, it is overlain by a graph of the seasonal variation and interannual increase of carbon dioxide observed at the Mauna Loa, Hawaii observatory. The AIRS data show the average concentration (parts per million) over an altitude range of 3 km to 13 km, whereas the Mauna Loa data show the concentration at an altitude of 3.4 km and its annual increase at a rate of approximately 2 parts per million (ppm) per year.

The two most notable features of this visualization are the seasonal variation of CO2 and the trend of increase in its concentration from year to year. The global map clearly shows that the CO2 in the northern hemisphere peaks in April-May and then drops to a minimum in September-October. Although the seasonal cycle is less pronounced in the southern hemisphere it is opposite to that in the northern hemisphere. This seasonal cycle is governed by the growth cycle of plants. The northern hemisphere has the majority of the land masses, and so the amplitude of the cycle is greater in that hemisphere. The overall color of the map shifts toward the red with advancing time due to the annual increase of CO2.

Although the mid-latitude jet streams are not visible in the map, we can see their influence upon the distribution of CO2 around the globe. These rivers of air occur at an altitude of about 5 km and rapidly transport CO2 around the globe at that altitude. In the northern hemisphere, the mid-latitude jet stream squirms like a released garden hose over the period of a few days due to the continental landmasses.

In the southern hemisphere the jet stream flow is more directly West to East, and during the period from July to October the CO2 concentration is enhanced in a belt delineated by the jet stream and lofting of CO2 into the free troposphere by the high Andes is visible in this period. The zonal flow of CO2 around the globe at the latitude of South Africa, southern Australia and southern South America is readily apparent.

Eastward flow of CO2 from Indonesia and the Celebes sea can be seen in the November to February time frame.

Share: Share via E-mail E-mail   Share on TwitterTwitter

A 48 second long movie showing a graph of carbon dioxide taken from Mauna Loa, Hawaii and global mid-tropospheric carbon dioxide measured by NASA's AIRS intrument from September 2002 through December 2009.    A 48 second long movie showing a graph of carbon dioxide taken from Mauna Loa, Hawaii and global mid-tropospheric carbon dioxide measured by NASA's AIRS intrument from September 2002 through December 2009.
Duration: 48.0 seconds
Available formats:
  640x480 (29.92 fps) WMV         8 MB
  1280x720 (29.92 fps) WMV         19 MB
  1280x720 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4   45 MB
  640x360 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4   21 MB
  1280x720 (30 fps) Frames (Composite)
  1280x720 (60 fps) Frames (Composite)
  320x180 (29.97 fps) X-FLV       1 MB
  320x180     PNG           58 KB
How to play our movies


A 24 second long movie showing a graph of carbon dioxide taken from Mauna Loa, Hawaii and global mid-tropospheric carbon dioxide measured by NASA's AIRS intrument from September 2002 through December 2009.    A 24 second long movie showing a graph of carbon dioxide taken from Mauna Loa, Hawaii and global mid-tropospheric carbon dioxide measured by NASA's AIRS intrument from September 2002 through December 2009.
Duration: 24.0 seconds
Available formats:
  1280x720   WMV         12 MB
  640x480     WMV         5 MB
  1280x720   MPEG-4   22 MB
  640x360     MPEG-4   13 MB
  3840x2160 TIFF         5 MB
  1280x720   Frames (Fastercomposite)
  320x180     X-FLV       846 KB
How to play our movies


44 second long movie showing global carbon dioxide measured on NASA's AIRS intrument from September 2002 through December of 2009.    44 second long movie showing global carbon dioxide measured on NASA's AIRS intrument from September 2002 through December of 2009.
Duration: 44.0 seconds
Available formats:
  640x480 (29.92 fps) WMV         6 MB
  1280x720 (29.92 fps) WMV         15 MB
  1280x720 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4   41 MB
  640x360 (29.97 fps) MPEG-4   18 MB
  3840x2160 TIFF         5 MB
  1280x720 (30 fps) Frames (Nograph)
  1280x720 (60 fps) Frames (Nograph)
  320x180 (29.97 fps) X-FLV       1 MB
How to play our movies



AIRS Mid-Tropospheric Carbon Dioxide colorbar in parts per million (ppm)
   AIRS Mid-Tropospheric Carbon Dioxide colorbar

in parts per million (ppm)

Available formats:
  1600 x 450       TIFF       2 MB
  320 x 90           PNG       35 KB


22 second long movie of global Mid-Tropospheric carbon dioxide measured from NASA's AIRS instrument from September 2002 through December 2009.    22 second long movie of global Mid-Tropospheric carbon dioxide measured from NASA's AIRS instrument from September 2002 through December 2009.
Duration: 22.0 seconds
Available formats:
  1280x720   WMV         10 MB
  640x360     MPEG-4   12 MB
  1280x720   MPEG-4   20 MB
  640x480     WMV         4 MB
  3840x2160 TIFF         5 MB
  1280x720   Frames (Faster nograph)
  320x180     X-FLV       710 KB
How to play our movies


September 15, 2007    September 15, 2007

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


September 15, 2006    September 15, 2006

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


September 15, 2005    September 15, 2005

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


September 15, 2004    September 15, 2004

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


September 15, 2003    September 15, 2003

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


September 15, 2002    September 15, 2002

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


Dates    Dates
Duration: 1.5 minutes
Available formats:
  1280x720 (30 fps) Frames (Dates)
  1280x720 (60 fps) Frames (Dates)
  1280x720 (30 fps) MPEG-4   249 KB
  320x180 (30 fps) X-FLV       602 KB
How to play our movies


March 15, 2009    March 15, 2009

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


March 15, 2008    March 15, 2008

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


March 15, 2007    March 15, 2007

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


March 15, 2006    March 15, 2006

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


March 15, 2005    March 15, 2005

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


March 15, 2004    March 15, 2004

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


March 15, 2003    March 15, 2003

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


July 5, 2009    July 5, 2009

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


July 5, 2008    July 5, 2008

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


July 5, 2007    July 5, 2007

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


July 5, 2006    July 5, 2006

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


July 5, 2005    July 5, 2005

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


July 5, 2004    July 5, 2004

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


July 5,2003    July 5,2003

Available formats:
  3840 x 2160     TIFF       5 MB


Graph overlay time series showing the carbon dioxide measured from Mauna Loa, Hawaii at 3.4 KM in altitude. The still image is from July 6, 2004, but the time series starts September 15, 2002 and continues through Dec 31, 2009.    Graph overlay time series showing the carbon dioxide measured from Mauna Loa, Hawaii at 3.4 KM in altitude.

The still image is from July 6, 2004, but the time series starts September 15, 2002 and continues through Dec 31, 2009.
Duration: 48.0 seconds
Available formats:
  1280x720 (29.92 fps) WMV         5 MB
  1280x720 (30 fps) MPEG-4   2 MB
  1280x720 (30 fps) Frames (Graph)
  1280x720 (60 fps) Frames (Graph)
  320x180 (30 fps) X-FLV       1 MB
How to play our movies


This series of images are daily files from September 16, 2002 trhough December 31, 2009. They were created for the 4K Magic Planet device.    This series of images are daily files from September 16, 2002 trhough December 31, 2009. They were created for the 4K Magic Planet device.

Available formats:
  4096x2048 Frames
How to play our movies


Global carbon dioxide measurements with Mauna Loa overlay, 2002-2009.    Global carbon dioxide measurements with Mauna Loa overlay, 2002-2009.

Available formats:
  Download     KEYNOTE 29 MB
  Download     POWERPOINT 29 MB

Short URL to This Page:http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?3685
Animation Number:3685
Completed:2010-06-15
Animators:Lori Perkins (NASA/GSFC) (Lead)
 Greg Shirah (NASA/GSFC)
Producer:Alan Buis (NASA/JPL)
Scientists:Moustafa Chahine (NASA/JPL)
 Tom Pagano (NASA/JPL CalTech)
 Edward Olsen (NASA/JPL CalTech)
 Sushel Uninnayar (NASA/GSFC)
 Luke Chen (NASA/JPL CalTech)
Platforms/Sensors/Data Sets:In Situ CO2 Monthly None
 Aqua/AIRS (9/15/2002 - 12/31/2009)
Series:COGlobalTransport
 Goddard Magic Planet Media
Mauna Loa Monthly Carbon Dioxide data provided by Dr. Ralph Keeling and Stephen Walker from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Please give credit for this item to:
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio

 
Keywords:
DLESE >> Atmospheric science
SVS >> Carbon Cycle
SVS >> Carbon Dioxide
DLESE >> Chemistry
SVS >> HDTV
SVS >> Volume
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Atmosphere >> Atmospheric Chemistry
GCMD >> Earth Science >> Atmosphere >> Atmospheric Chemistry/Carbon and Hydrocarbon Compounds
SVS >> Copenhagen
SVS >> For Educators
SVS >> Atmosphere >> Winds >> Circulation
SVS >> Photosynthesis
NASA Science >> Earth
SVS >> Presentation
DEPC Metadata is available here.
This work has been visible on
Feature article at http://www.terra-marin.com/articles/greengov.php
 
 


Back to Top
Many of our multimedia items use the GCMD keywords. These keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation:
Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 8.0.0.0.0

USA.gov logo - the U.S. Government's official Web portal. + Privacy Policy and Important Notices
+ Reproduction Guidelines
NASA NASA Official:
SVS Contact:
Curator: