Five-Year Average Global Temperature Anomalies from 1881 to 2008 for Science On a Sphere
on April 21, 2009
Each year, scientists at NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies analyze global temperature data. A rapid warming trend has occurred over the past 30 years. Calendar year 2008 was the coolest year since 2000, according to the Goddard Institute for Space Studies analysis of surface air temperature measurements. In this analysis, 2008 is the ninth warmest year in the period of instrumental measurements, which extends back to 1881. 2005 is the hottest year on record, and 2007 is tied with 1998 for second place. The Earth is experiencing the warmest level of the current interglacial period, or interval between ice ages, which has lasted nearly 12,000 years. This color-coded map displays a long term progression of changing global surface temperatures, from 1881 to 2008. Dark red indicates the greatest warming and dark blue indicates the greatest cooling.
This data visualization of five-year global temperature differences from 1880 to 2008 was designed to be shown on the Science On a Sphere. Dark blue areas show regions where the temperature was cooler then the average temperature. Red areas show regions where the temperature was warmer then the average. This particular image show the global average from 2004 to 2008.
This image is a five year global temperature average from 2003 to 2007.
Lori Perkins (NASA/GSFC): Lead Animator James Hansen Ph.D. (NASA/GSFC GISS): Scientist Makiko Sato Ph.D. (NASA/GSFC GISS): Scientist Reto A. Ruedy Ph.D. (NASA/GSFC GISS): Scientist Ken Lo Ph.D. (NASA/GSFC GISS): Scientist David Lea Ph.D. (University of California, Santa Barbara): Scientist Martin Medina-Elizade (University of California, Santa Barbara): Scientist
Please give credit for this item to: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio Data provided by Robert B. Schmunk (NASA/GSFC GISS)
GCMD keywords can be found on the Internet with the following citation:
Olsen, L.M., G. Major, K. Shein, J. Scialdone, S. Ritz, T. Stevens, M. Morahan, A. Aleman, R. Vogel, S. Leicester, H. Weir, M. Meaux, S. Grebas, C.Solomon, M. Holland, T. Northcutt, R. A. Restrepo, R. Bilodeau, 2013. NASA/Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Earth Science Keywords. Version 18.104.22.168.0